Published: 2019-09-26

Knowledge of gestational diabetes mellitus among antenatal women in rural area of Maharashtra

Udaykiran U. Bhalge, Mukund D. Bhise, Anant A. Takalkar, Bhaskar S. Gaikwad


Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a growing epidemiological problem. GDM is defined as glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Treatment of GDM is important to avoid maternal and fetal complication. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus among antenatal mothers from rural area.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was done among 193 antenatal mothers in rural hospital, Murud. A study was done between July 2018 to August 2018. A pretested questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about GDM among all antenatal mothers.

Results: Among the participants, 48.19% were in the age group 21-25 years and 90.15% antenatal mothers were literate. 80% heard about diabetes mellitus and 38% mothers knows that diabetes can occur first time in pregnancy. Only 28.50% mothers heard about GDM from different source of information.

Conclusions: The study shows average knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus among antenatal mother.


Knowledge, GDM, Antenatal women, Rural

Full Text:



Shriraam V, Rani SM, Sathiyasekaran B, Mahadevan S. Awareness of gestational diabetes mellitus among antenatal women in a primary health center in South India. Indian J Endocr Metab. 2013;17:146-8.

Metzger BE, Coustan DR. Summary and recommendations of the fourth international workshop-conference on gestational diabetes mellitus. The Organizing Committee. Diabetes Care. 1998;21:B161-7.

Kjos SL, Buchanan TA. Gestational diabetes mellitus. N Engl J Med. 1999;341:1749-56.

Bhavadharini B, Deepa M, Nallaperumal S, Anjana RM, Mohan V. Knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus amongst pregnant women in South Tamil Nadu. J Diabetol. 2017;8:22-6.

Chowdhury TA, Grace C, Kopelman PG. Preventing diabetes in south Asians. BMJ. 2003;327 (7423):1059-60.

Makgoba M, Savvidou MD, Steer PJ. An analysis of the interrelationship between maternal age, body mass index and racial origin in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus. BJOG. 2012;119:276-82.

Seshiah V, Balaji V, Balaji MS, Paneerselvam A, Arthi T, Thamizharasi M, et al. Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus in South India (Tamil Nadu)- a community based study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2008;56:329-33.

Gabbe SG, Landon MB, Warren-Boulton E, Fradkin J. Promoting health after gestational diabetes: a National diabetes education program call to action. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;119:171-6.

American Diabetes Association. Gestational diabetes mellitus (Position Statement). Diabetes Care. 2002;27:S88-90.

Dhyani V, Mahantashetti NS, Ganachari MS, Kambar S, Ghatnatti V. Awareness of gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women attending a tertiary health center. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res. 2018;11:51-5.