Published: 2019-09-26

Factors influencing early initiation of breast feeding among mothers in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh, India

Kiran Pamarthi, Jugal Kishore Palli


Background: The benefits of breastfeeding for the health and wellbeing of the mother and babies are well documented. A recent trial has shown that early initiation of breastfeeding could reduce neonatal mortality, which would contribute to the achievement of the Millennium development goals. The positive effects of breastfeeding on the new-born’s health can be attributed to the components of breast milk, as well as the contact between mother and baby.

Methods: This is a hospital based, cross sectional study conducted in the Department of Pediatrics and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, at a tertiary care hospital in North Coastal Andhra Pradesh. Study period was one year between March 2018 to February 2019. 310 healthy term new-born babies of singleton pregnancy were included.

Results: The prevalence of initiation of breast breastfeeding within one hour in this study is 48.7% (151 neonates). Hindu religion, literacy, urban residence, vaginal delivery, male child, breast feeding advice during antenatal period, birth spacing <2 years, not giving prelacteal feeds, absence of breast-feeding problems and maternal illness were found to have a significant association with initiation of breast feeding within 1 hour after delivery (p value <0.05).

Conclusions: Innovative strategies like provision of breastfeeding counsellors in the hospital setup; constant counselling to mothers and their immediate relatives who take care of baby and mothers can increase early initiation of breast feeding.




Breast feeding, Early initiation, New-born

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