DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20194011

A cross sectional study of tobacco use among the college students of B. G. Nagara, Karnataka

N. Sabari Raja

Abstract


Background: Tobacco is a leafy plant grown around the world with its addictive substance nicotine. It becomes the need of the hour to provide enough evidence on the correlates of tobacco use in the community to assist government policy makers, health professionals and the public in developing realistic models towards effective tobacco control to cater to sections of community in need. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and the pattern of tobacco use among the college students and to find out the reasons for the tobacco use among the college students.

Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among various college students of B. G. Nagara with 1003 subjects selected. Data was collected with a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire and analysed. Results were expressed in percentages and proportions.

Results: The overall prevalence of tobacco use among the study subjects was found to be 5.8% and was exclusively among male students only. Cigarette smoking was the most commonly used form of tobacco, used by 89.7% of the tobacco users and the major reasons for initiation of tobacco use were due to friends (58.6%).

Conclusions: Present study showed that the prevalence of tobacco use (5.8%) was lower when compared to state and national average. But since majority of users were in the age group of 19 to 21 years and were away from their homes, strict measures should be enforced in hostel and college premises banning its use and sale.


Keywords


Tobacco use, Prevalence, Students

Full Text:

PDF

References


About tobacco: tobacco facts and figures, tobacco and nicotine 2015. Available at: URL: http://betob accofree.hhs.gov/about-tobacco/facts-figures/. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

Tobacco-Fact sheets. Estimates developed by World Health Organisation 2014. Available at: URL: http:// www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/ en/. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

The World Health Report 1999. Available at: URL: http://www.who.int/whr/1999/en/whr99_en.pdf. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

Park K. Park’s Text book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 25th ed. Jabalpur: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2019.

WHO. Previous World No Tobacco Days. Available at: URL: http://www.who.int/tobacco/communicat ions/events/wntd/en/index.html. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

WHO. World No Tobacco Day 2008. Available at: URL: http://www.who.int/tobacco/wntd/2008/en/ index.html. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

WHO. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC). Available at: URL: http://www.who.int/fctc/en/index.html. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

Dixith JV. Principles and Practice of Biostatistics. 5th ed. Jabalpur: M/S Banarsidas Bhanot publishers; 2011.

Bhojani UM, Chander SJ, Devadasan N. Tobacco use and related factors among pre- university students in a college in Bangalore, India. Natl Med J India. 2009;22(6):294-7.

Rao PSSS, Richard J. Introduction to Biostatistics and Research methods. 5th ed. New Delhi, India: Ashok K Ghosh Publishers; 2012.

Prasanth YM, Bhat M. Tobacco use and awareness patterns among students of an industrial training institute in Mangalore, South India. Int J Biomed Res. 2014;5(5):368-70.

Shah VN, Verma PB, Tripathi CB. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding tobacoo consumption among the college students of Bhavnagar City (Gujarat). Indian J Community Med. 2005;30(1).

Chaudhary A, Ingle NA, Dhanker K, Kaur N. Prevalence of tobacco use among the students in professional and non-professional colleges of Mathura city. J Oral Health Comm Dent. 2014;8(1):30-5.

Chatterjee T, Haldar D, Mallik S, Sarkar GN, Das S, Lahiri SK. A study on habits of tobacco use among medical and non-medical students of Kolkata. Lung India. 2011;28(1):5-10.

Kumar R, Alka S, Khushwah MA, Prakash S, Vijayan VK. A study of tobacco consumption among college students of University of Delhi, India. Indian J PrevSoc Med. 2010;41(3):198-202.

Sreeramareddy CT, Kishore PV, Paudel J, Menezes RG. Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use amongst junior collegiates in twin cities of western Nepal: a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:97.

Impact of tobacco use on women’s health. Available at: URL: http://www.who.int/tobacco/publications/ gender/en_tfi_gender_women_impact_tobacco_use_women_health.pdf. Accessed on 26 March 2015.

GYTS- Global Youth Tobacco Survey Atlas. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco /global/gtss/tobacco_atlas/pdfs/part3.pdf. Accessed on 29 March 2015.

Ramakrishna GS, SankaraSarma P, Thankappan KR. Tobacco use among medical students in Orissa. Natl Med J India. 2005;18(6):285-9.

Kumari R, Nath B. Study on the use of tobacco among male medical students in Lucknow, India. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(2):100-3.

Aryal RU, Deuba K, Subedi A, Shrestha R, Bhatta L. Prevalence and determinants of cigarette smoking among the college students of Kathmandu valley. Asian J Med Sci. 2010;01:53-8.

Bhimarasetty DM, Sreegiri S, Gopi S, Koyyana S. Perceptions of young male smokers In Visakhapatnam about tobacco use and control measures. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;1(3):129-35.

Sharma R, Grover VL, Chaturvedi S. Tobacco Use among adolescent students and the influence of role models. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):272-5.