Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Medical and Allied Science students of Karnataka, India

Keshab Parajuli, Rajendra Lamichhane, Nishant Lama, Nirmal Raj Marasine, Ashwini Narasannavar, Shivaswamy M. S.


Background: Overweight and obesity is the underlying cause of death for about 3 million people each year. More than 100 million individuals are obese in India. Few studies have been carried out among Indian undergraduate students where irregular dietary pattern, stress and anxiety are more prevalent due to academic pressure. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of over-weight and obesity in Medical and Allied Science students.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 among 922 medical and allied science undergraduate students of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Karnataka, after obtaining the institutional ethical approval and written informed consent. Information was obtained with the help of pre-designed, pretested semi-structured questionnaire by self-administered method and anthropometric measurement.

Results: Overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among students was 23.6% and 5.2% respectively. Prevalence of overweight among male students was 28.7% and 18.6 % in female. Obese male students were 5.5% and 5 % were obese in female.

Conclusions: About one fourth of the students were overweight and more than one in twenty students were obese. Overweight and obesity was more in male than female. 


Overweight, Obesity, Undergraduate students

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Key Facts, what are obesity and overweight, 2018. Available at: Accessed on January 2017

Lim JU, Lee JH, Kim JS, Hwang YI, Kim TH, Lim SY, et al. Comparison of World Health Organization and Asia-Pacific body mass index classifications in COPD patients. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017;12:2465-75.

Hruby A, Hu FB. The epidemiology of obesity: a big picture. Pharmacoeconomics. 2016;33(7):673-89.

Masoodi SR, Wani AA, Wani AI, Bashir MI, Laway BA, Zargar AH. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in young adults aged 20-40 years in North India (Kashmir Valley). Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2010;87(1):4-7.

Poobalan A, Aucott L. Obesity Among young adults in developing countries: a systematic overview. Curr Obes Rep. 2016;5(1):2-13.

Alok P, Malay P, Divyeshkumar V. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents of urban and rural area of Surat, Gujarat. Natl J Med Res. 2012;2(3):325-9.

Niranjan A, Kumar M, Adhikari P, Saxena M. Prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among undergraduate medical students of Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa. Int J Med Sci Public Heal. 2016;5(11):2410.

Yadav S, Saini P, Khan Z, Bachloo T, Kumar R, Singh J. Assessment of body mass index among undergraduate medical students: a cross-sectional study from the Medical College of Haryana. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015;5(4):705.

Nayak BS, Bhat VH. Prevalence of overweight/obesity among school children in Karnataka, South India. Int J Public Health Res Special Issue. 2011;180-4.