Knowledge about rabies among urban adult residents, Agartala, West Tripura: a cross sectional study

Chanda Mog, Arundhati Roy, Paramita Choudhuri


Background: India is endemic for rabies accounting for 36% of the world death. Low awareness of the need to seek health care after a dog bite claims the lives of more than 55,000 people each year, mostly Asia and Arica. The objective of the study was to estimate the level of knowledge about rabies among adult population in urban area and also to find out the factors associated with level of knowledge.

Methods: The cross sectional study was carried out among 200 adult population of Agartala Municipal Corporation area for a period of one month and study subjects were selected by using multistage sampling technique. A predesigned, pretested, structured interview schedule was used for data collection. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20. Chi-square and Fisher's exact was used to find out the factors associated with level of knowledge and p value <0.5 considered as a significant.

Results: The present study showed that mean age of the respondents was 45.23±14.7 years. Among them 54.5% were female, 32% home maker and 39% had completed graduation. Out of 200 respondents, 167 respondents were heard about the term ‘Rabies’ i.e., 83.5% and 33 respondent’s i.e., 16.5% never heard about the term ‘Rabies’ but only 20.5% subjects knew correctly that rabies was caused by virus. In our study, adequate knowledge on rabies was found 40% and only one factor i.e., literacy (p=0.002) was found significantly associated with level of knowledge.

Conclusions: The study findings indicate that still there is need to be increase adequate level of knowledge about rabies among adult residents in urban area.


Knowledge, Rabies, Adults, Urban, Tripura

Full Text:



Public health: rabies in India-NIBI-NIH. Available at: pmc22 44675. Accessed on 12 July 2018.

World Health Organization, Rabies. Available at: Accessed on 12 July 2018.

Kole AK, Roy R, Kole DC. WHO. Human rabies in India: rabies a problem needing more attention. Bull World Health Organization. 2014;92:230.

Murugan V, Amol D, Kalaiselvan G. A Community based cross sectional study of dog bites in children in a rural district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017;6(1):109-12.

Ghosh S, Chowdhury S, Haider N, Bhowmik RK R, Rana MS, Marma ASP, et al. Awareness of rabies and response to dog bites in a Bangladesh community. Vet Med Sci. 2016;2(3):161-9.

Laishram J, Chaudhuri S, Devi HS, Konjengbam S. Knowledge and practice on rabies in an urban community of Manipur, India. J. Evolution Med Dent Sci. 2016;37(5):2234-7.

Krishnamoorthy Y, Vijayageetha M, Sarkar S. Awareness about rabies among general population and treatment seeking behaviour following dog-bite in rural Puducherry: a community based cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(6):2557-63.

Alie A, Assefa A, Derso S, Ayele B. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice on rabies in and around debretabor, South Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Int J Basic Applied Virol. 2015;4(1):28-34.

Mrudu H, Riyaz BS, Selvi T. Community perception regarding rabies prevention and stray dog control in urban slums In India. J Infect Public Health. 2012;5(6):374-80.

Valekar SS, Kshirsagar VM, Ashturkar DM, Mhaske M, Chawla PS, Fernandez K. A cross-sectional study of awareness regarding dog bite and its management in rural community of Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2014;1(1):8-11.

Tripathy MR, Satapathy PS, Karmee N. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies and its prevention among construction workers: a cross-sectional study in Berhampur, Odisha. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(9):3971-5.

Chopra D, Jauhari N, Dhungana H, Nasrah. Assessment of awareness about rabies and the animal bite among the staff nurses in a medical institute in Lucknow. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(6):2046-51.