Coverage evaluation of vaccines using 30×7 cluster survey in rural area of Dhule, Maharashtra
Keywords:Immunization, Cluster sample, Coverage evaluation, Drop-outs
Background: Infectious diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. One of the most cost-effective and easy methods for child survival is immunization. The objective of study was to assess the immunization coverage in the rural area of Dhule.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted by using WHO 30x7 cluster sampling technique in Primary Health Centre, Kheda catchment villages among children aged 12-23 months on the day of survey. The total sample size was found out to be 210. Identification of clusters was done as per WHO manual on 30×7 cluster survey. Interviews were conducted as per a structured interview format in households with eligible children. Data feeding was done in MS Excel sheet.
Results: Full immunization coverage (FIC) was found out to be 58.6%. Drop-out rate was calculated to be 22.95%. The main reason for not completing the immunization was unaware to return for subsequent vaccine doses.
Conclusions: Coverage evaluation of vaccines was found out to be 58.6%. Drop-out rate is high.
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