DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192810

Study on determinants of nutritional status of a school going children in a village of Tumakuru taluk

Ravindra Y. Mandolikar, Smitha Jadhav, Mahabaleshwar Mahanthappa Angadi

Abstract


Background: Children (0-14 years) contribute to 26% of world population and 28.4% of India’s population. School going age is a formative period, physically as well as mentally, transferring child into a promising adult. Malnourishment in this age group compromises both physical and mental growth. The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status and morbidity status among school going children.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted at Greenberg international school Kannenahalli, Tumkur. After inclusion and exclusion criteria, which comprised children between 3-12 years of age, total 123 students were included in the study. A pre structured and pre tested proforma was used to collect the data on general information of the child, anthropometric measurements, physical examination, personal hygiene and clinical examination and blood grouping was done.

Results: Out of 123 study participants, 30.9% were found to be malnourished and 35.77% had various morbidity conditions. Out of the 39 students who had malnutrition, 20 students (51.3%) were having grade 1 malnutrition, 15 students (38.5%) were having grade 2 malnutrition and 4 students (10.3%) were having grade 3 malnutrition.

Conclusions: It concluded that, balanced diet for all the malnourished children to improve their nutritional status and also for healthy children to maintain their health and nutrition. Grade 3 malnourished children were referred to NRC (nutritional rehabilitation center) to improve their nutritional status.


Keywords


School health checkup, Malnutrition, Morbidity status, Blood group

Full Text:

PDF

References


United States Agency for International Development. Population Reference Bureau. Available at: http://www.prb.org/pdf16/prb-wpds2018-web-2018.pdf. Accessed on 12 June 2018.

UNICEF. Annual results report 2017. Nutrition. Available at: https://www.unicef.org/publications/ index_102899.html. Accessed on 12 June 2018.

Christiaensen L, Alderman H. Child Malnutrition in Ethiopia: Can Maternal Knowledge AugmentThe Role of Income? Africa Region Working Paper Series 2001; 22. Available at: http://www.world bank.org/afr/wps/index.htm Accessed on 12 June 2018.

Park K. Park’s Textbook of preventive and social medicine. 24th ed. Jabalpur: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot publishers; 2017: 554.

WHO Child growth chart standards. Available at: www.who.int/childgrowth/standards/en/. Accessed on 1 July 2018.

Kamath R, Jakkula RP, Kumar S. Nutritional status assessment of school children in Bellary district, Karnataka. JNTR Univ Health Sci. 2015;4:13-6.

Nassem A, Rao NG. comprehensive study of health problems in school children of Hyderabad, India. Int J Contemp Pediatr. 2016;3:801-5.

Asghar SA, Gupta P, Srivastava MR, Srivastava JP, Zaidi ZH. Health status of primary school children: study from a rural health block of Lucknow. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4:2498-501.

Yadav SS, Yadav ST, Singh J. An epidemiological study of malnutrition among under five children of rural and urban Haryana. JCDR. 2016;10(2):7-10.