DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20193482

Knowledge and attitude regarding eye donation among the people of rural area in Kinaye, Belagavi: a cross sectional study

Asha Bellad, Shirin Hukkeri

Abstract


Background: Corneal diseases are the second major cause of blindness. Corneal transplantation is the most effective treatment with high rate of success but there is a shortage of corneal donors. The study analyzed various factors affecting the willingness to donate cornea.

Methods: This community based cross sectional study was conducted among the adults residing in 9 sub-centres under PHC Kinaye, Belagavi in Karnataka, India. The participants (n=400) answered questionnaires which included details such as the demographic profile and, awareness and willingness to donate eyes.  Univariate logistic regression analysis was performed for the data.

Results: Out of 400 participants, 80.5% were aware of eye donation among which 52% were willing to donate. Univariate analysis showed that adults who were less than 40 years were more aware when compared to those who were more than 40 years (p=0.0001) and  more educated adults were willing to donate than illiterate. Adults from joint family were more aware when compared to those from nuclear family (p=0.005). Religious beliefs influenced the willingness of adults for donation as 83.6% denied willingness to donate.

Conclusions: The results of our study strongly suggest that there are a lot of misconceptions regarding eye donation in most parts of our country. It is evident from our study that education and involvement of those in health sector, will help to spread knowledge about eye donation and to eliminate misconceptions and ignorance about corneal donation.


Keywords


Corneal transplantation, Corneal blindness, Eye donation, Eye bank

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO bulletin. Available at: www.who.int/entity/ bulletin/ archives/79(3)itmb.pdf. Accessed on 3 June 2019.

National Programme for Control of Blindness. Report of National Programme for Control of Blindness, India and World Health Organization. 1986-89.

Dandona R, Dandona L. Corneal blindness in a southern Indian population: Need for health promotion strategies. Br J Ophthalmol. 2003;87(2):133-41.

National Programme for Control of Blindness. Available at http://pbhealth.gov.in/pdf/Blindness. pdf.

Burton MJ. Corneal blindness: prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. Community Eye Health. 2009;22(71):33.

Gain P, Jullienne R, He Z, Aldossary M, Acquart S, Cognasse F et al. Global survey of corneal transplantation and eye banking. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016;134(2):167-73.

Patil R, Ram Prasath E, Boratne A, Gupta SK, Datta SS. Status of eye donation awareness and its associated factors among adults in rural Pondicherry. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(2):01.

Yew YW, Saw SM, Pan JC, Shen HM, Lwin M, Yew MS et al. Knowledge and beliefs on corneal donation in Singapore adults. British J Ophthalmol. 2005;89(7):835-40.

Bhandary S, Khanna R, Rao KA, Rao LG, Lingam KD, Binu V. Eye donation–Awareness and willingness among attendants of patients at various clinics in Melaka, Malaysia. Indian J Opthalmol. 2011;59(1):41.

Krishnaiah S, Kovai V, Nutheti R, Shamanna BR, Thomas R, Rao GN. Awareness of eye donation in the rural population of India. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2004;52(1):73.

Randhawa G. An exploratory study examining the influence of religion on attitudes towards organ donation among the Asian population in Luton, UK. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 1998;13(8):1949-54.

Tandon R, Verma K, Vanathi M, Pandey RM, Vajpayee RB. Factors affecting eye donation from postmortem cases in a tertiary care hospital. Cornea. 2004;23(6):597-601.