Awareness about organ donation in medical and non medical students in Patan city of Gujarat, India
Keywords:Organ donation, Student, Awareness, Attitude
Background: More than 4 lakh Indians require transplantation annually. However, not even 10% get it. Awareness, positive attitude and consent by relatives for organ donation in brain death patient are the prerequisites organ donation. Lack of understanding, religious attitudes along with myths and misconceptions added to the low percentage of organ donation. To bridge this gap we have conducted this research.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 300 students of last 4 semesters after getting permission was obtained from Institutional Ethics Committee and principals/dean of above mentioned colleges. Self-administered questionnaires were allotted to students. Questionnaire contained demographic information and questions regarding the knowledge and attitude toward organ donation. After answering, the answer sheets were collected for evaluation.
Results: Satisfactory knowledge was observed regarding consent before OD (58.0%), organ transplantation act (70.6%) and, risk involved in OD (77.7%). However, low level of awareness was found about legalisation of brain death (39.3%), organ donation centre (29.3%) and organ donation card (11.3%) was very low among students. About 3/4th of students (78.3%) were willing to be a donor, and their preferences of the recipient were 49.7% for family members, 31.3% for friend, 24.2% for relative and 43.6% for unknown person.
Conclusions: There is gap between knowledge and attitude about OD among youth. Media should take up the initiative of broadcasting of the legislative laws related to process of OD and also information regarding organ donation card, organ donation centre.
Types of Organ Donation. Donate Life America. 2019. Available at: https://www.donatelife.net/ types-of-donation/. Accessed on 27 April 2019.
How Many Lives Can One Organ Donor Affect? | UPMC HealthBeat. UPMC HealthBeat. Available at: https://share.upmc.com/2015/04/the-impact-of-one-organ-donor/. Accessed on 27 April 2019.
Mukharya P. How to Give Life After Death. The Hindu, 2014.
Donate Life America: Organ, Eye, and Tissue Donation Registration. Donate Life America. 2019 Available at: https://www.donatelife.net/. Accessed on 27 April 2019.
Gortmaker SL, Beasley CL, Sheehy E, Lucas BA, Brigham LE, Grenvik A, et al. Improving the request process to increase family consent for organ donation. J Transplant Coordination. 1998;8(4):210-7.
Shroff S, Navin S, Abraham G, Rajan PS, Suresh S, Rao S, Thomas P. Cadaver organ donation and transplantation-an Indian perspective. Transplantation Proceedings. 2003;35(1);15-17.
Reddy AV, Guleria S, Khazanchi RK, Bhardwaj M, Aggarwal S, Mandal S. Attitude of patients, the public, doctors, and nurses toward organ donation. Transplantation Proceedings. 2003;35(1):18.
Spencer M. The barriers to organ and tissue donation in palliative care. End of Life J. 2012;2(2).
Grinyó JM. Why is organ transplantation clinically important?. Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine. 2013;3(6):a014985.
Sam N, Ganesh R, Indrapriyadarshini V, Jeyamarthan S, Nandhini CK. Awareness, knowledge, and attitude regarding organ donation among final year students of medical, Dental, Engineering, and Arts and Science Colleges in Thiruvallur and Chennai City, India. Indian J Transplantation. 2018;12(1):25.
Ramadurg UY, Gupta A. Impact of an educational intervention on increasing the knowledge and changing the attitude and beliefs towards organ donation among medical students. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research:JCDR. 2014 May;8(5):JC05.
Mithra P, Ravindra P, Unnikrishnan B, Rekha T, Kanchan T, Kumar N, et al. Perceptions and attitudes towards organ donation among people seeking healthcare in tertiary care centers of coastal South India. Indian J Palliative Care. 2013;19(2):83.
Annadurai K, Mani K, Ramasamy J. A study on knowledge, attitude and practices about organ donation among college students in Chennai, Tamil Nadu-2012. Health Sci. 2013;3(2):59.
Bapat U, Kedlaya PG, Gokulnath. Organ donation, awareness, attitudes and beliefs amongst post graduate medical students. Saudi J Kidney Transplant. 2009;20:174-80
Morgan SE, Miller JK. Beyond the organ donor card. The effect of knowledge, attitudes, and values on willingness to communicate about organ donation to family members. Health Communication. 2002;14(1):121-34.
Lange SS. Psychosocial, legal, ethical, and cultural aspects of organ donation and transplantation. Critical Care Nursing Clin. 1992;4(1):25-42.