Published: 2019-05-27

A cross sectional study to assess the morbidity pattern among under five year old children in urban Chitradurga, South India

Sherin Joseph Xavier Kallupurackal, Hamsaveni G., Aarsha Rafeek, Anarin Mendez, Kalpitha K. Manu, Lavanya Chitturi, Monika G., Naveen G. P., Nikhitha D. Hoolageri, Osuri Ayodhya Spurthi


Background: Children under 5 years of age constitute approximately 15% of the country’s total population. First 1000 days of life is the most crucial period, as this age is known for high growth rate and development. They constitute most vulnerable section of the society and suffer from highest morbidity. Good personal hygiene and sanitary condition of living now forms a part of primary health prevention strategy and it is found to be effective for reducing morbidity and mortality in children.

Methods: It’s a community based cross sectional study among 150 children of less than five years of age for a period of 4 months from November 2018 to February 2019 in the urban field practice area of Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga.

Results: In our present study we found respiratory tract infection is the predominant ailment followed by gastrointestinal clinical features accounting for 39% and 33% respectively. Though the factors like birth weight, immunisation of majority of population were fair but in later years of life found that weight for height was not achieved as per standard protocol among major of the study population.

Conclusions: By health education for the caretaker regarding mother-crafting and satisfactory environmental condition can reduce the prevalence of morbidity.


Morbidity pattern, Under five year, Urban

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