Prevalence of substance abuse among adolescents of urban and rural community in Surendranagar district, Gujarat


  • Pratik K. Jasani Department of Community Medicine, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India
  • Yadeepsinh M. Jadeja Rural Health, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
  • Nitesh M. Patel Department of Community Medicine, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India
  • Dhara Y. Jadeja MPH, IIPH, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India
  • Jayraj B. Shrimali Lamda Clinical Research Organization, Gujarat, India
  • Shyamal K. Purani Department of Community Medicine, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India



Substance abuse, Adolescents, Prevalence, Tobacco


Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), substance abuse is “persistent or sporadic drug use inconsistent with or unrelated to acceptable medical practice.” Recently, substance abuse has been increasing among children and adolescents. Alcohol is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally and in India. Tobacco consumption is a major preventable cause of death, accounting for 13,000 deaths per day globally. This study was conducted to identify the prevalence of substance abuse and its pattern among adolescents in rural and urban community of Surendranagar district.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study carried out among 300 rural (150 from school and 150 from community) and 300 urban (150 from school and 150 from community) adolescents selected by simple random sampling. Data was collected and analysed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences and Microsoft excel have been used to generate graphs, tables, etc.

Results: Prevalence of substance abuse in our study was 30.17%. Adolescents from rural community had higher prevalence (37.67%). Prevalence was significantly higher in males (55.33%) than compared to females (5%). Tobacco was most common substance abused by the adolescents.

Conclusions: Prevalence of substance abuse was higher in rural compared to urban community and in males compared to females. Chewing form being the most common form of abusing the tobacco followed by smoking and drinking form in our study.


Author Biographies

Pratik K. Jasani, Department of Community Medicine, C. U. Shah Medical College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India

Department : Community Medicine

Rank : Assistant Professor

Yadeepsinh M. Jadeja, Rural Health, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India

Department : Community Medicine

Rank : Assistant Professor


WHO Lexicon of alcohol and drug terms. Geneva: world health organization; 1994.

Sarangi L, Acharya HP, Om PP. Substance Abuse Among Adolescents in Urban Slums of Sambalpur. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(4):265-7.

Srivastava A, Pal H, Dwivedi SN, Pandey. A National Household Survey of Drug Abuse in India. Report submitted to Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Regional Office for South Asia; 2002.

World Health Organization. Building blocks for tobacco control, a handbook. Geneva; World Health Organization, 2004: 4-13.

Gupta PC, Sinha DN. Tobacco research in India. Indian J Public Health. 2004;48(3):103-4.

Saddichha S, Manjunatha N, Khess CJ. Clinical Course of Development of Alcohol and Opioid Dependence: What are the Implications in Prevention? Indian J Community Med. 2010;35:359-61.

World Health Organization, Health Topics; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (

Tharapill SD. A descriptive study to assess the knowledge related to substance abuse among adolescents in selected colleges of south Bangalore. Rajiv Gandhi University of health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, 2005.

Kokiwar PR, Jogdand GR. Prevalence of Substance Use among Male Adolescents in an Urban Slum Area of Karimnagar District, Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Public Health. 2011;55(1):42-5.

Sharma R, Grover VL, Chaturvedi S. Tobacco Use Among Adolescent Students and the Influence of Role Models. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):272-5.

Benegal V, Kulbhusan, Seshadri S, Karott M. Drug abuse among street children in Bangalore. A project in Collaboration between NIMHANS, Bangalore and the Bangalore Forum for street and working children, Monograph funded by CRY; 1998.

Ramachandran V. The prevention of alcohol related problems. Indian J Psychiatr. 1991;33:3-10.

Majra JP, Basnet J. Prevalence of Tobacco Use Among the Children in the Age Group of 13-15 Years in Sikkim After 5 Years of Prohibitory Legislation, Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(2):124-6.

Sinha DN. Tobacco and non-communicable disease. Indian J Public Health. 2004;48:111-5.

Kaur J, Kishore J, Kumar M. Effect of Anti-Tobacco Audiovisual Messages on Knowledge and Attitude towards Tobacco Use in North India. Indian J Community Med. 2012;37(4):227-31.

Dube KC, Handa SK. Drug use in health and mental illness in an Indian population. Br J Psychiatr. 1971;118:345-6.

Thacore VR. Drug abuse in India with special reference to Lucknow. Indian J Psychiatr. 1972;14:257-61.

Shukla BR. Drinks and drugs in a north Indian village-an anthropological study. Ethnographic and Folk culture Society: Lucknow, India; 1979.

Jena R, Shukla TR, Hemraj P. Drug abuse in a rural community in Bihar: Some psychosocial correlates. Indian J Psychiatr. 1996;38:43-6.

Varma VK, Singh A, Singh S, Malhotra AK. Extent and pattern of alcohol use in North India. Indian J Psychiatr. 1980;22:331-7.

Lal B, Singh G. Alcohol consumption in Punjab. Indian J Psychiatr. 1978;20:212-6.

Jain V, Pradhan SK, Vibha. Socio-Demographic Profile of 15–24 years old male narcotic substance users in a resettlement colony of Delhi. Indian J Public Health. 2009;53:44-7.

Barua A, Dasgupta S, Mitra B, Sherpa PC, Tirwa M. Alcoholism among adolescent students of Tadong in East Sikkim. J Asian Sci Res. 2013;3(11):1105-8.




How to Cite

Jasani, P. K., Jadeja, Y. M., Patel, N. M., Jadeja, D. Y., Shrimali, J. B., & Purani, S. K. (2019). Prevalence of substance abuse among adolescents of urban and rural community in Surendranagar district, Gujarat. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 6(5), 1970–1974.



Original Research Articles