A cross sectional study on alcoholism and its comorbidity patterns among urban adult population in Salem Tamil Nadu
Keywords:Alcoholism, Co-morbidities, Unemployment, Hospitalisation
Background: Alcohol use is associated with serious public health problems thereby raising the global morbidity and mortality. The main aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of alcoholism and its co morbidity pattern among urban adult population in Salem district, Tamil Nadu.
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among urban adult population in Salem district involving 493 participants. Convenient sampling method was used. Informed consent was obtained from each participant and information was collected by using a predesigned structured questionnaire. Microsoft Excel 2007 was used for data entry and SPSS version 24 was used for data analysis.
Results: It was found from the study that the prevalence of alcoholism was high. Alcohol use in any form was found in 38% of the study participants. 8% of the participants confessed that alcohol is an eye opener to them. 6% of the participants lost their job and 15% of the participants were hospitalised due to alcohol.Conclusions: The study showed higher prevalence of alcohol use among urban adult population in Salem district. Awareness about the ill effects of alcoholism among the population and necessary rehabilitation will help to reduce alcoholism consumption and its related disorders.
World Health Organisation Alcohol related disabilities. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 1977: 3-4.
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical manual or Mental disorders (4th edition) (DSM- IV). Wasington, DC, APA; 1994.
Chopra A, Dhawan A, Sethi H, Mohan D. Association between parental and offspring’s alcohol use – population data from India. J Indian Assoc Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2008;4(2):38–43.
Nayak MB, Benegal V. Alcohol use patterns and problems in India. An analysis from three studies. Sydney, Australia: ISBRA 2006 World Congress on
Alcohol Research, 2006.
Girish N, Kavitha R, Gururaj G, Benegal V. Alcohol use and implications for public health: Patterns of use in four communities, Indian J Community Med. 2010;35:238-44.
World Health Organisation’s Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health; 2014.
Das SK, Balakrishnan V, Vasudevan DM. Alcohol: its health and social impact in India. Natl Med J India. 2006;19:94-9.
World Health Organization (WHO) Global Status report on Alcohol: 2014.
Indian National Family Health Survey (NFHS 3), 2005-2006. International Institute for Population Sciences; 2007.
Neufeld KJ, Peters DH, Rani M, Bonu S, Brooner RK, Regular use of alcohol and tobacco in India and its association with age, gender, and poverty. Drug Alcohol Dependence. 2005;77(3):283-91.
Mohan D, Chopra A, Ray R, Sethi H. India. In; Demers A, Room R, Bourgault C, (ed). Surveys of Drinking Patterns and Problems in Seven Developing Countries. Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence, Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization 2000: 103-114.
Ramanan VV, Singh SK. A study on alcohol use and its health and social problems in rural Puducherry, India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2016;5:804–8.
Chagas Silva M, Gaunekar G, Patel V, Kukalekar DS, Fernandes J. The prevalence and correlates of hazardous drinking in industrial workers. Alcohol Alcoholism. 2003;38(1):79–83.
John A, Barman A, Bal D, Chandy G, Samuel J, Thokchom M, et al. Hazardous alcohol use in rural Southern India: Nature, Prevalence and risk factors. Natl Med J India. 2009;99:123-5.
World Health Organisation (WHO). The World Health Report 2002: Reducing risks promoting health life. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2002.
Benegal V, Gururaj G, Murthy P. Report on a WHO Collaborative project on Unrecorded consumption of alcohol in Karnataka, India; 2003. Available at: http://www.nimhans.kar.nic.in/deaddiction/Publications.html. Accessed on 3 January 2019.
Perera B, Torabi MR. Preliminary study of smoking and alcohol use among students in Southern Sri Lanka. Psychol Rep. 2004;94(3 Pt 1):856-8.
Mohan D, Desai NG, Chopra A, Sethi H. A rapid survey on substance abuse disorders in the urban slums of New Delhi. Indian J Med Res. 1992;96:122-7.
Howteerakul N, Suwannapong N, Than M. Cigarette, alcohol use and physical activity among Myanmar youth workers, Samut Sakun Province, Thailand. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2005;36:790-6.
Barik A, Rai RK, Chowdhury A. Alcohol amd Alcoholism. 2016;51(2):215-23
Dutta R, Gnanasekaran S, Suchitra S, Srilatha V, Sujitha R, Sivaranjani SS, et al. A population based study on Alcoholism among adult males in rural area, Tamil Nadu. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2014;8(6):JC01-JC03.
Kohn R, Saxena S, Levav I. The treatment gap in Mental Health care, Bull World Health Organ. 2004;82:858-66.