Prevalence of work related musculoskeletal disorders in truck drivers and its associated risk factors

Anuj Mehta, Neeraj A. Athavale, Ashok K. Shyam, Parag K. Sancheti


Background: The main purpose of the study was to find out the different joints affected in the truck drivers and the associated-risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in this population due to the paucity of literature pertaining to Indian truck drivers.

Methods: A self-administered closed-ended validated questionnaire was prepared by the researcher incorporated with Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire and numeric pain rating scale and the participants were questioned using the same questionnaire and response was recorded by the researcher.

Results: This study found a prevalence rate of work-related musculoskeletal pain to be 76.92% in truck drivers and the most commonly affected joints are lower back followed by the knee, shoulder and cervical spine. The factors which are found to be responsible for work related musculoskeletal pain in truck drivers are age, years of driving, number of driving days in a week, number of driving hours in a day, rest duration, posture, stress, vibration & poor condition of roads.

Conclusions: It can be concluded from the results of this study that extrinsic factors do play a significant role in the causation of work-related musculoskeletal pain in truck drivers and are a leading cause for affecting the health of truck drivers and a frequent cause of sickness absenteeism.


Musculoskeletal, Truck-drivers, Prevalence, Factors, Joints

Full Text:



Mozafari A, Vahedian M, Mohebi S, Najafi M. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in truck drivers and official workers. Acta Med Iran. 2015;53(7):432-8.

Sharma K P, Ganguly E. Morbidity profile of long distance truck drivers in Hyderabad city, India. J Dr NTR Univ Health Sci. 2015;3(4):234–7.

Troup JD. Driver’s back pain and its prevention. A review of the postural, vibratory and muscular factors, together with the problem of transmitted road-shock. ApplErgon. 1978;9(4):207-14.

Miyamoto M, Shirai Y, Nakayama Y, Gembun Y, Kaneda K. An epidemiologic study of occupational low back pain in truck drivers. J Nippon Med Sch. 2000;67(3):186-90.

Rufa'i AA, Sa'idu IA, Ahmad RY, Elmi OS, Aliyu SU, Jajere AM, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Low Back Pain Among Professional Drivers in Kano, Nigeria. Arch Environ Occup Health. 2015;70(5):251-5.

Bhaumik A, Anjenaya S. Prevalence of Occupational Related Low Back Pain and Associated Risk Factors in Truck Drivers Halting At Kalamboli Truck Terminal, Navi Mumbai. Int J Curr Med Applied Sci. 2017;15(1):26-30.

Okunribido OO, Magnusson M, Pope MH. The role of whole body vibration, posture and manual materials handling as risk factors for low back pain in occupational drivers. Ergonomics. 2008;51(3):308-29.

Mbaye I, Fall MC, Wone I, Dione P, Ouattara B, Sow ML. Chronic low back pain at a public transportation company in Senegal. Dakar Med. 2002;47:176–8.

Kelsey JL. An epidemiological study of the relationship between occupations and acute herniated lumbar intervertebral discs. Int J Epidemiol. 1975;4(3):197-205.

Magora A. Investigation of the relation between low back pain and occupation. 3. Physical requirements: sitting, standing and weight lifting. IMS Ind Med Surg. 1972;41(12):5-9.

Ozkaya N, Willems B, Goldsheyder D. Whole-body vibration exposure: a comprehensive field study. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 1994;55(12):1164-71.

Massaccesi M, Pagnotta A, Soccetti A, Masali M, Masiero C, Greco F. Investigation of work-related disorders in truck drivers using RULA method. Appl Ergon. 2003;34(4):303-7.