The socio-demographic determinants of gestational diabetes mellitus among postnatal women from Palakkad district, Kerala: comparative study

Seema V. Ennazhiyil, Sruthi M. Valsan, Akshara V. Rajeev, Chithra Srinivasan, Ramakrishnan P. Kunnath


Background: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing all over the world and it is associated with different genetic factors as well as environmental factors. The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among young people has led to an increase in number of pregnancies with this complication. As the incidence of diabetes is more in Kerala, the present study was undertaken to compare the socio-demographic determinants among pregnant mothers with normal gestation and mothers with GDM.

Methods: A hospital based cross-sectional study was carried out and sample size was calculated using the formulae of (Zα + Zβ) 2 × 2 × P × Q/d2. The calculated sample size was 108 and consecutive sampling technique was used for data collection. A semi-structured questionnaire containing socio-demographic and obstetrics details were used as a study tool and an interview schedule was used for data collection.

Results: Out of total 111 postnatal mothers, majority 80 (72.1%) belongs to the age group of 21-30 years, and more than half 64(57.66%) of mothers belongs to Hindu religion. When the socio-demographic and obstetrics details of mothers were compared among GDM and normal mothers it was found that there was statistically significant difference between religion, family history of diabetes and occurrence of GDM (p=0.001). Among obstetric details history of abortion, BMI of mothers and birth weight show statistically significant difference among two groups (p<0.001).

Conclusions: The study reveals that the socio demographic factors and obstetric factors influence the occurrence of GDM.


Gestational diabetes mellitus, Obstetric, Palakkad, Socio-demographic

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