DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192302

A community based study to determine the prevalence of infertility and associated socio demographic factors in rural area of Mandya district of Karnataka

Shashank Kumbarahalli Javaregowda, Praveen Govindagowda, Chethan Thotahalli Krishna, Supriya Varadaraju

Abstract


Background: Infertility is defined as failure to achieve pregnancy after at least 1 year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility is classified into two types, primary and secondary infertility. World Health Organization explains primary infertility as inefficiency to conceive after a year of unprotected sex and secondary if not conceived following previous pregnancy. The objective of the study was to find out the prevalence and socio demographic factors of infertility (primary and secondary) among eligible couples in rural area of Mandya district.

Methods: A Cross sectional study was conducted at Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical sciences from the month of June 2016 to September 2016.One of the Primary health center in the study area was randomly selected by lottery method. All the eligible couples who are permanent residents and in the reproductive age group were included in the study.

Results: Majority (59.64%) of the study group were in the age group of 20-25 years. Nearly 59.3% and 40.7% of the respondents belonged to joint and nuclear family respectively. The overall prevalence of infertility in our study was 7.7%. The overall prevalence of primary infertility was 6.3% and secondary infertility was 1.4%.

Conclusions: As healthcare professionals, we should remember that infertility is a stressful life event for both women and men. Hence by knowing the prevalence and knowledge of the couple regarding the infertility, suitable health education programmes can be done to create awareness among the people regarding the treatment modalities available for infertility.

 


Keywords


Infertility, Eligible couples, Prevalence, Socio cultural factors

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. Infertility. Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/infertility/en/. Assessed on 20 September 2016.

Zegers Hochschild F, Adamson GD, deMouzon J, Ishiharao, Mansour R, Nygrenk, et al. The international committee for monitoring assisted reproductive technology (ICMART) and the world health organization (WHO) revised glossary ART terminology. Hum Reprod. 2009;24(11):2683-7.

Gupta N. Infertility: planning a prototype action plan in the existing health care system. J Indian Med Assoc. 2002;100:391-4.

Sundby J. Methodological consideration in the study of frequency, risk factors and outcome of reduced fertility. Scand J Soc Med. 1939;17(2):135-40.

Boivin J, Bunting L, Collins JA, Nygren KG. International estimates of infertility prevalence and treatment seeking: Potential need and demand for infertility medical care. Hum Reprod. 2007;22(6):1506-12.

The fertility resource, female infertility. Available at: http://www.conceivingconcepts.com. Assessed 20 September 2016.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International.2007. Government of India: Volume I. Mumbai: IIPS. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06.

Chethana R, Shilpa. Treatment seeking pattern among infertile couples in a rural area. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(10):2884-90.

Adamson PC, Krupp K, Freeman AH, Klausner JD, Reingold AL, Madhivanan P. Prevalence & correlates of primary infertility among young women in Mysore, India. Indian J Med Res. 2011;134:440-6.

Zargar AH, Wani AI, Masoodi SR, Laway BA, Salahuddin M. Epidemiologic and etiologic aspects of primary infertility in the Kashmir region of India. Fertil Steril. 1997;68(4):637-43.

Mittal A, Yadav S, Yadav S, Bhardwaj A, Kaur R. An epidemiological study of infertility among urban population of Ambala, Haryana. Int J Interdiscipl Multidiscipl Studies. 2015;2(4):124-30.

Sudha G, Reddy KSN. causes of female infertility: a cross- sectional study. Int J Latest Res Sci Technol. 2013;2(6):119-23.

Wiersema NJ, Drukker AJ, Mai BT, Giang HN, Nguyen TN, Lambalk CB. Consequences of infertility in developing countries: results of a questionnaire and interview survey in the South of Vietnam. J Transl Med. 2006;4:54.

Maha A. Social Consequences of Infertility upon Women in Mosul City. Iraqi J Comm Med. 2008;21(4):291-8.

Aflatoonian A, Seyedhassani SM, Tabibnejad N. The epidemiological and etiological aspect of infertility inYazd province of Iran. Iranian J Reprod Med. 2009;7:117-22

Patel A, Sharma P, Narayan P, Binu VS, Dinesh N, Pai PJ. Prevalence and predictors of infertility-specific stress in women diagnosed with primary infertility: A clinic-based study. J Hum Reprod Sci 2016;9:28-34.

Shamila S, Sasikala SL. Primary report on the risk factors affecting female infertility in South Indian districts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Indian J Comm Med. 2011;36(1):59-61.