Drinking water facility in urban field practice area of a medical college: a community based cross sectional study

Ashiq Rashid Mir, Mahesh H. S., M. S. Rajanna, Krishna Iyengar, Cheluve Gowda


Background: Rapid modernisation and fast urbanisation has led to rapid filling of urban areas and increased rise in migrant population in urban areas. Water  is indispensible for survival of human beings  thus providing safe  drinking water is one of the most  basic component of urban planning .1.8 Million people die of diarrhoea each year  out of which majority are under 5 children and 88%  of these under 5 deaths  are due to unsafe drinking water (1). This study intends to assess the quality of drinking water.

Methods: A Cross sectional Study was conducted in Maralur and Maralur Dinne which are under the field practice area of Sri Siddhartha Medical College in Tumkur district of Karnataka.

Results: Municipal water supply was used by 79% of the people in the study. No treatment method was used  for purification of water by 81% of households.32% of people used earthen vessel to store water for drinking.68% of people dipped glass in vessel using  hands to take water for drinking.46% of people had no knowledge about any disease caused by impure drinking water. Only 55 % of households cleaned their water storage vessels once a week.

Conclusions: Source of drinking water supply from municipality and wells were unfit for consumption. Storage methods of drinking water are conducive for growth of pathogens.  Knowledge about various diseases caused by impure drinking water is also poor. Hence drinking water supply is a challenge in urban settings.


Water quality, Treatment methods, Drinking water

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