DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20162585

Drinking water facility in urban field practice area of a medical college: a community based cross sectional study

Ashiq Rashid Mir, Mahesh H. S., M. S. Rajanna, Krishna Iyengar, Cheluve Gowda

Abstract


Background: Rapid modernisation and fast urbanisation has led to rapid filling of urban areas and increased rise in migrant population in urban areas. Water  is indispensible for survival of human beings  thus providing safe  drinking water is one of the most  basic component of urban planning .1.8 Million people die of diarrhoea each year  out of which majority are under 5 children and 88%  of these under 5 deaths  are due to unsafe drinking water (1). This study intends to assess the quality of drinking water.

Methods: A Cross sectional Study was conducted in Maralur and Maralur Dinne which are under the field practice area of Sri Siddhartha Medical College in Tumkur district of Karnataka.

Results: Municipal water supply was used by 79% of the people in the study. No treatment method was used  for purification of water by 81% of households.32% of people used earthen vessel to store water for drinking.68% of people dipped glass in vessel using  hands to take water for drinking.46% of people had no knowledge about any disease caused by impure drinking water. Only 55 % of households cleaned their water storage vessels once a week.

Conclusions: Source of drinking water supply from municipality and wells were unfit for consumption. Storage methods of drinking water are conducive for growth of pathogens.  Knowledge about various diseases caused by impure drinking water is also poor. Hence drinking water supply is a challenge in urban settings.

Keywords


Water quality, Treatment methods, Drinking water

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul S. Water poverty in urban India: A study of major cities. Seminar paper. Jamia Millia Islamia central University. 2008. Available at: http://jmi.ac.in/upload/publication/Water_Poverty_in_urban_India.pdf. Accessed on 26 June 2015.

Prasanna M. Drinking water in an urban area in South India: a community based cross sectional study. Australasian Medical Journal AMJ. 2010;3(5):295-8.

Isha R. Urban water supply in India: status, reform options and possible lessons. Water policy. Available at: http://www.mumbaidp24seven.in/reference/McKenzieRay_India_urbanwater_forWP.pdf. Accessed on 15 June 2015.

World Health Organization. Water for Health WHO Guidelines for Drinking water Quality. 2010. Available at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/guidelines/en/. Accessed on 15 May 2015.

Warning over Calcutta water quality. BBC News UK edition, 29 August, 2003.

World Health Organization /UNICEF. Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) for water supply and sanitation. 2015. Available at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/monitoring/en/. Accessed on 15 June 2015.

Ashvin G. An evaluation of physico-chemical parameters to assess borewell water quality from madyal and vadgaon villages of kagal Tahsil, MS, India. Int Res J Environment Sci. 2013;2(5):95-7.

Water For Health. WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water. Quality 2010. Availible at :www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq3rev. Accessed on June 19 2015.