Defining some potential nutritional determinants of obesity in adolescent population

Amit Sohani, Chincholikar Sanjeev


Background: The basic cause of obesity is over nutrition easy and increasing availability of energy-dense, high-calorie foods/snacks and drinks are one of the factors that could significantly affect children’s energy intake.

Methods: All adolescent school going boys and girls in the age group between 10 to 19 years were included as per definition of adolescent. 585 students were selected by systematic sample i.e. every third student was included in the study sample. A pretested standardized questionnaire which consisted of questions related to sociodemographic data and nutrition was used to screen the population for determining association between nutrition and obesity.

Results: It can be observed that 28.21% students were vegetarian while remaining 71.79% were having mixed diet. It can be observed from the Table 2 that overweight and obesity are not related to frequency of consumption of meal, It can be seen that 30.97% overweight subjects had frequent junk food. There was a significant association between frequency of junk food and prevalence of overweight as well as obesity. 25.73% Students with overweight and obese subjects were frequent sweet eaters.

Conclusions: Vegetarian diet or non-vegetarian diet did not have any effect on prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in adolescent population. Overweight and obesity are not related to frequency of consumption of meal. There was a significant association between frequency of junk foods, sweets with prevalence of overweight as well as obesity.


Nutrition, Obesity, Junk food, Sweats

Full Text:



Park’s textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine: 22nd Edition. Jabalpur India: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers; 2013: 367-369.

Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. Available at: physicalactivity/childhood_why/en/index.html. Accessed on 22 August 2014.

Sreevatsava M, Narayan KM, Cunningham SA. Evidence for interventions to prevent and control obesity among children and adolescents: Its applicability to India. Indian J Pediatr. 2013;80(Suppl 1):S115-22.

Bose K, Bisai S, Mukhopadhyay A, Bhadra M. Overweight and obesity among affluent Bengalee schoolgirls of Lake Town, Kolkata, India. Maternal Child Nutrition. 2007;3:141-5.

Aggarwal T, Bhatia RC, Singh D, Sobati P. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in affluent adolescent from Ludhiana Punjab. Indian Pediatr 2008;45:500-1.

Kaur S, Kapil U, Singh P. Pattern of chronic disease amongst adolescent obese children in developing countries. Curr Sci. 2005;88:1052-6.

Mehta M, Bhasin SK, Agrawal K, Dwivedi S. Obesity among affluent adolescent girls. Indian Pediatr. 2007;74:619-22.

Kaneriya Y, Singh P, Sharma D. Prevalence overweight and obesity in relation to socio economic conditions in two different groups of school age children of Udaypur city (Rajasthan). J Indian Assoc. Community Med. 2006;7:133-5.

Chincholikar S, Sohani A. Epidemiological determinants of obesity in adolescent population, Maharastra, India. Indian J Comm Health. 2016;28:157-62.

Goyal RK, Shah VN, Saboo BD, Phatak SR, Shah NN, Gohel MC, et al. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Indian Adolescent School Going Children: Its Relationship with Socioeconomic Status and Associated Lifestyle Factors. JAPI. 2010;58:151-8.

Klesges RC, Klesges LM, Eck LH, Shelton ML. A longitudinal analysis of accelerated weight gain in preschool children. Pediatrics. 1995;95:126-30.

Wolfe WS, Campbell CC, Frongillo Jr EA, Haas JD, Melnik TA. Overweight schoolchildren in New York State: prevalence and characteristics. Am J Public Health. 1994;84:807-13.

Hanley JG, Harris SB, Gittlesohn J, Wolever MS, Saksvig B. Overweight among children and adolescents in a Native Canadian Community: Prevalence and associated factors. Am J Clin Nut. 2000;71:693-700.

Tarek T, Ali S, Ayub A. Overweight and Obesity and their Association with Dietary Habits, and Sociodemographic Characteristics Among Male Primary School Children in Al-Hassa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Indian J Community Med. 2008;33(3):172–81.

Berkey CS, Rockett HR, Field AE, Gillman MW, Frazier AL, Camargo CA Jr, et al. Activity, dietary intake, and weight changes in a longitudinal study of preadolescent and adolescent boys and girls. Pediatrics. 2000;105:56-65.

Kotian MS, Kumar GS, Kotian SS. Prevalence and Determinants of Overweight and Obesity among Adolescent School Children of South Karnataka, India. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35:176-8.

Sameer H, Ghamdi A. The association between watching television and obesity in children of schoolage in Saudi Arabia. J Family Community Med. 2013;20(2):83-9.

Bose K, Bhunia D, Paul G, Mukhopadhyay A, Chakraborty R. Age and sex variations in undernutrition of rural Bengalee primary school children of East Midnapur District, West Bengal, India. Ecol Culture Nutr Health Dis Human Ecol. 2006;14:71-5.

Wennberg M, Gustafsson PE, Wennberg P, Hammarström A. Poor breakfast habits in adolescence predict the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Public Health Nutr. 2014;28:1-8.

Caprio S. Calories from Soft Drinks -Do They Matter? N Engl J Med. 2012;367:1462-3.

Vasanti S. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes. Am Diabetes Assoc Diabetes Care. 2010;33(11):2477-83.

Andrew A. Effects of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages on Children. Pediatr Ann. 2012;41(1):26-30.