DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190626

A cross sectional study on health status and prevalence of risk factors of non-communicable diseases among auto rickshaw drivers of Hyderabad, Telangana

Asma ., Vimala Thomas, C. Jyothsna, Sri Manju, C. Sowmya, C. Govardhana Devi, D. Varun Kumar, D. Ravali, D. Yeshaswini, D. Ram Mohan

Abstract


Background: Auto rickshaws form 10-20% of daily motorized urban transport and ensure connectivity and easy access throughout congested Indian cities. Harmful lifestyles practiced by auto rickshaw drivers like irregularity of meals, bad posture while driving, sedentary lifestyle predisposes them to many gastrointestinal, respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular diseases. This study was taken to assess the risk factors of non-communicable diseases among of auto rickshaw drivers. Objectives of the study were to estimate the proportion of various non-communicable diseases among study population and to assess various risk factors for non- communicable diseases among study population.

Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among 100 auto rickshaw drivers, aged above 20 years commuting at bus terminus and railway station in Hyderabad, Telangana using a predesigned questionnaire from May to July 2018.

Results: The mean age of the study population was found to be 41.58±10.9 years. Around 14% of study subjects had history of diabetes mellitus and 15% hypertension. About 69% were overweight or obese, 41% had refractive errors and majority had musculoskeletal problems. The mean duration of physical activity was found to be 35±7 minutes/day.

Conclusions: The prevalence of cardio vascular disease risk factors i.e. tobacco smoking, sedentary lifestyle, obesity was found to be quite high among auto rickshaw drivers. Early precautionary measures, regular medical check-up and prompt interventions are necessary for managing risk factors.


Keywords


Auto rickshaw drivers, Non-communicable diseases

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sonuparlak I. Sustainable Urban transport in India: Role of the Auto rickshaw sector. The City Fix, 2012. Available at: http://thecityfix.com/blog/ sustainable-urban-transport-in-india-role-of-the-auto-rickshaw-sector/. Accessed 28 December 2018.

Melwani V, Priya A, Toppo M, Sethia S, Khan A, Melwani S. Study to assess the socio-demographic profile, health status and working conditions of auto-rickshaw drivers in Bhopal. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:1323-6.

Debbarma D, Mitra S. Occupational health problems of auto rickshaw service provider in Agartala city: A case study of Nagerjala motor stand. Int J of Current research and review. 2017;9(2):16-21.

Chaudhary SS, Nagarjole MM, Kubde SS, Gupta SC, Misra SK. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases risk factors among auto-rickshaw drivers. Indian J Community Health. 2010;22(2):32-4.

Girish HO, Senan P, Koppad R, Venugopalan PP. Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among auto-rickshaw drivers of Kannur, North Kerala: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:3395-8.

Rajkumar. Effect of air pollution on respiratory system of auto rickshaw drivers in Delhi. Indian J of occupational environmental med. 1999;3(4):171-3.

Omm-e-Hany, Menon S, Neelam A, Alamgir A, Abid K. Epidemiological study of rickshaw driver’s health status and accident encounters in towns of Karachi. Bull Env Pharmacol Life Sci. 2015:4(12):55-9.