Awareness of breast cancer and estimation of its predicted future risk among females of urban slums of or above 35 years of age: a cross sectional study

Sheetal K. Aurangabadkar, Ashwini A. Dangi, Medha V. Deo


Background: Early detection and identification of the risk factors is crucial in minimizing morbidity and mortality arising due to breast cancer. Research has proven that, physiotherapist as a part of multidisciplinary team, plays an important role in treating these patients after surgery. However, evidence suggesting the role of physiotherapist in the domain of health promotion and prevention is limited. Thus an effort is made in this study to explore the level of awareness about the risk factors and prevention and to predict the percent risk of having breast cancer in future five years.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in the urban slums of Turbhe. 200 females aged 35 years and above were selected. A self structured questionnaire was formed using Gail’s model. The questionnaire was validated and a house to house survey was conducted.

Results: 67.5% females thought that alcohol/tobacco consumption carried the highest risk of breast cancer. 61.5% females were aware of lack of breast feeding as the risk factor for breast cancer. 74% females did not know about breast self – examination while 78.5% had not heard about mammography as screening methods for breast cancer prevention. 14.5% females carried a high risk of getting breast cancer in the future five years.

Conclusions: Awareness of study participants about breast cancer was very poor. There is a need for awareness programs to educate women about risk factors and promotion of early detection of breast cancer.


Breast cancer, Gail’s model, Prediction risk, Urban slums

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