DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190571

Prevalence and pattern of social media use and its effect on social health among Fayoum university students

Mohamed Masoud, Ahmed K. Abdeltaweb, Mohamed Abd Elmonem, Ahmed T. Masoud, Omar M. Mohammed

Abstract


Background: Social media social media are caused a revolution in the last century. Almost everyone has access to social media with different ways. Many students use Social media for contact with each other, following updating news, and help them in their study. The study aimed to estimate the prevalence, pattern of Social media and its effects on social health of Fayoum university students.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 633 students at Fayoum university.

Results: As regards social media use, the majority of the student (94.2%) was using at least one type of SM. More than half of them (55.5%) visit (3-5) SM sites. About one third of the students (30.9%) stated that they spend (3-4) hours daily. Regarding effect of social media, one third of the students (30.2%) thought that SM sites decrease friendship level, (73.0%) limit sport time, and has a negative effect on the learning process (62.4%). The motivations for using social media were the search for news (38.1%) and making friendship (31.2%). Multiple logistic regression for factors associated with using social media revealed that age more than 20 years and male gender were significantly associated with using social media (p=0.003 and 0.016, respectively).

Conclusions: The majority of students use Social media for different reasons. Social media reduced social interrelations of the students may set down their study. So, increase awareness about the hazards of social media among students including their physical and psychosocial health. Highlighted the balanced use of social media for proper improving the learning process through prompt uses of information and communication.


Keywords


Social media, Prevalence, Social health, University students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mushtaq AJ, Benraghda A. The Effects of Social Media on the Undergraduate Students’ Academic Performances. Library Philosophy and Practice. 2018: 1779.

Kietzmann, JJH, Hermkens K, McCarthy IPI, Silvestre BSB. Social media? get serious! understanding the functional building blocks of social media. Bus Horiz. 2011;54(3):241–51.

Ellison NB, Steinfield C, Lampe C. The benefits of facebook “friends:” Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. J Comput Commun. 2007;12(4):1143–68.

Mattanah JF, Ayers JF, Brand BL, Brooks LJ, Quimby JL, McNary SW. A Social Support Intervention to Ease the College Transition: Exploring Main Effects and Moderators. J Coll Stud Dev. 2010;51(1):93–108.

Wohn DY, Larose R. Effects of loneliness and differential usage of Facebook on college adjustment of first-year students. Comput Educ. 2014;76:158–67.

Albert A. The Effects of Facebook on Egyptian Students' Social Well-being. Scientific Report 2012;1(10):493.

El-Khouly MM. Study on the Use and Impact of Online Social Networking in Egypt. J Emerging Technologies Web Intelligence 2015;7(1):1-8.

Kang J, Djafari Marbini H, Patel P, Fawcett N, Leaver L. Survey of medical students’ use of social media. Clin Teach. 2015;12(6):373–7.

Hussain I. A Study to Evaluate the Social Media Trends among University Students. Procedia Social Behavioral Sci. 2012;64:639–45.

AlFaris E, Irfan F, Ponnamperuma G, Jamal A, Van der Vleuten C, Al Maflehi N. The pattern of social media use and its association with academic performance among medical students. Med Teach. 2018;40(1):S77–82.

Aljabry AM, Jaafari AAA, Salawi MAM, Majrabi FAT, Nagi Hazzazi MA, Khormi AHA, et al. Effect of Social Media Network on Social Relations and Academic Achievement Among Medical Students. Egyptian J Hospital Med. 2017;69(7):2910-7.

Ezeah GH, Asogwa CE, Edogor, Obiorah i. Social Media Use among Students of Universities in South-East Nigeria. IOSR J Humanities Social Sci. 2013;16(3):23-32.

Okyeadie Mensah S, Nizam DI. the Impact of Social Media on Students’ Academic. Int J Educ Learn Train. 2016;1(1):14–21.

Moawfy G. Social media effects on the academic performance of Nile University students (Master thesis) retrieved from digital archive and research repository, The American University in Cairo; 2018. Available at http://dar.aucegypt.edu/handle/10526/ 5414. Accessed on 4 December 2018.