DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190635

A cross-sectional study on the factors influencing juvenile delinquency in the government juvenile home, Hyderabad, Telangana

Jyothi Lakshmi Naga Vemuri, R. L. Lakshman Rao, Sara Roohen, G. Kiranmayee

Abstract


Background: Juvenile is a boy who has not attained 16 yrs and a girl who has not attained 18 yrs. Any offence thefts/robbery, attempt to murder/murder, rape, addictions and any deviation from normal behavior like truancy, vandalism, immorality and ungovernability is termed as delinquency. According to National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) (2016), Telangana is holding 16th rank and among the metropolitan cities, Hyderabad is contributing to 11th rank based on percentage share in India on Juvenile crime. The objective of the study was to study the factors influencing the juvenile delinquency.

Methods: An institutional based cross-sectional study is carried out for a period of three months in the Government Juvenile homes of Hyderabad, Telangana. All the inmates of the male and female juvenile homes (n=200) available at the time of study who were willing to participate were interviewed. Those who were sick and not cooperative were excluded. A semi-structured questionnaire completed through interviews and studying the subjects’ records and ISRD3 questionnaire were used. Institutional ethical clearance was taken before starting the study.

Results: 77.5% (155) were males and 22.5% (55) were females. 16.5% (33) were 6-10 yr age group and 83.5% (167) were above 11 yrs. The mean age (yrs) is 14.02±2.96. 18% (36) didn’t attend school and 82% (164) attended school. Age, sex, school attending and the time spent with the parents have shown significance (p<0.05) in the delinquency.

Conclusions: The peer influence, smart phone usage, influence of movies and truancy from home also showed significance (p<0.05) in the delinquency.

 

 


Keywords


Juvenile, Delinquency, Truancy, Peer influence, Movie influence, Smart phone usage

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahuja R. Social problems in India. Rawat publications; 3-Na-20; 2000.

Sahmey K, Patnaik B. A Study on Factors Underlying Juvenile Delinquency and Positive Youth Development Programs; Department of Humanities and Social Sciences National Institute of Technology Rourkela-769008, Odisha, India. 2013.

Bridges KMB. Factors Contributing to Juvenile Delinquency, 17 Am. Inst. Crim. L. Criminol. 531 (1926-1927).

Chowdhury IA, Khan MM, Uddin I. Causes and Consequences of Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh: A Sociological Analysis. Int J Social Sci Tomorrow. 2012;1(4):1-8.

Omboto JO, Ondiek GO, Odera O, Ayugi ME. Factors influencing youth crime and juvenile delinquency. Int J Res Social Sci. 2013;1(2):18-21.

Questionnaire ISRD3 Standard Student Questionnaire; ISRD3 Working Group (2013); ISRD3 Technical Report Series #2; 2013.

Nisar M, Ullah S, Ali M, Alam S. Juvenile Delinquency: The Influence of Family, Peer and Economic Factors on Juvenile Delinquents. Scientia Agriculturae. 2015;9(1):37-48.

Mohideen RS, Anuar NKK, Latiff DIA, Ridzuan AR, Kamarudin FH. Social factors that contribute juvenile delinquency at Melaka. J Educ Social Sci. 2016;3:93-8.

Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2015;8:25-30.

Akhter N, Sabeen M, Nadeem M, Khan HU. Socio-economic factors affecting juvenile delinquency: a study in borstal jails, Punjab. Int J Agr Ext. 2015;3(1):57-61.

Vigneswari GG, Thanappan A. A research analysis on influencing factors of Juvenile delinquencies in Tamil Nadu. Indian J Economics Develop. 2016;4(3):1-6.