A cross sectional study to assess knowledge, attitude and practices related to swine flu in school students of Kallur, Kurnool

Cynthia Subhaprada Savolu, Aruna Marati Savanthe


Background: Swine flu is an acute highly contagious respiratory disease caused by influenza A (H1N1) virus. After 2009 pandemic, seasonal epidemics occurred in 2015 and 2017 usually in rainy season in India. Educational institutes are the centres of high transmission and creating awareness only can arrest the spread. Hence this study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Swine flu and improve their knowledge.

Methods: A health educational interventional study done on 202 eighth and ninth standard school students of Zilla Parishad High School, Kallur, Kurnool district during October and November, 2018 on obtaining informed consent, using a self administered questionnaire. Data entered in Microsoft excel version 2007, analysed and presented in proportions and chi square test of significance using SPSS version 23.

Results: 66.8 percent and 68.8 percent of the students heard and knew about viral swine flu respectively. Good knowledge of mode of spread, symptoms and availability of treatment, vaccination and preventive measures regarding swine flu was seen. The gaps in their knowledge levels were successfully filled by health educational intervention. More than 70 percent of students were using hand kerchief and masks in crowded places, willing to approach government facilities for treatment.

Conclusions: Extensive mass educational campaigns should be conducted as containment of the spread of the disease can solely be done by making people knowledgeable. Government authorities should train health workers, assistants and teachers and utilise mass and social media to create awareness, thus declining the incidence of the seasonal epidemics.


Swine flu, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, School students

Full Text:



WHO – Influenza (Seasonal). Available at: Accessed on 6 December 2018.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Epidemiology of Seasonal Influenza. Available at: Accessed on 7 December 2018.

Sinha NK, Roy A, Das B, Das S, Basak S. Evolutionary complexities of swine flu H1N1 gene sequences of 2009. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;390:349-51.

Seasonal Influenza (H1N1) – State/UT- wise, Year- wise number of cases and death from 2011 to 2018 (till 02nd December, 2018). National Center for Disease Control. Available at: showfile.php?lid=280. Accessed on 7 December 2018.

Kaliyaperumal K. Diabetic retinopathy project. Guideline for conducting a knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study. Community Ophthalmol. 2004;4:7‑9.

Fichadiya NC, Rupani MP, Bhalani KD, Singh MP, Ramanuj V. Knowledge and practices related to swine flu in school students of Bhavnagar, Gujarat. J Med Res. 2016;2(6):170-3.

Imtiaz KS, Begum N, Nazneen H, Tamanna N, Naureen S, Kibria MG. Health Education Intervention Regarding Swine Flu among Secondary School Students in a Selected School of Dhaka City. Northern Int Med Coll J. 2013;5(1):309-12.

Praveen Kumar BA, Karnum S, Kumar SY, Ugargol AR, Naik VA, Mallapur MD. Pandemic influenza A H1N1 awareness in a rural community of North Karnataka, India. Trop J Med Res. 2015;18:74-9.

Shilpa K, Praveen Kumar BA, Kumar SY, Ugargol AR, Naik VA, Mallapur MD. A study on awareness regarding swine flu (influenza A H1N1) pandemic in an urban community of Karnataka. Med J DY Patil Univ. 2014;7:732-7.

Grinsun S, Biswash S, Gopal L, Mahendra A, Sabeer K. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice about H1N1 influenza on 500 secondary school student of Lekhnath municipality, Nepal. World J Pharm Pharma Sci. 2017;6(11):1434-42.

Singh S, Kaur P, Singh G. Study to assess the awareness, perception and myths regarding swine flu among educated common public in Patiala district. Int J Res Dev Health. 2013;12:54‑60.

Kawanpure H, Ugargol AR, Padmanabha B.V. A study to assess knowledge, attitude and practice regarding swine flu. Int J Health Sci Res. 2014;4(8):6-11.