DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20190185

Effect of socio demographic profile on knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers regarding breastfeeding of Lucknow district

Sachi Ojha, Shitanshu Srivastava, Pratibha Gupta, Divyanshu Agrawal

Abstract


Background: Breastfeeding is the ideal source of nutrition for first six month of life which is globally recognised. There are various advantages of optimal breastfeeding but still breastfeeding rates in Uttar Pradesh is only 56%. This might be attributed to various social, cultural and economical factors. Since there is limited local data on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of women toward breastfeeding. hence, we planned this study to assess knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of mothers regarding breastfeeding and influence of sociodemographic profile on them.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 200 mothers coming to the rural and urban areas of a district with infants between 0-6 months. The data was collected using a predesigned questionnaire based on KAP about breastfeeding. The data was analyzed using (SPSS) version 21.0.

Results: Our study shows that regarding knowledge of breastfeeding, in rural group 42% considered colustrum as first breast milk. In contrast in urban group, 63% were aware that it was first breast milk (p=0.003). Regarding practices, 56% of rural women had started breastfeeding within one hour while only 38% of urban women did the same (p=0.011). Regarding attitude, 77% women of urban area agreed regarding goodness of colostrum for health followed by 48% of rural women (p≤0.001). Most of the women agreed to the belief that a baby should burp after feeding (94% rural and 91% urban).

Conclusions: The Gap between KAP regarding breastfeeding exists in rural and urban setups. So, proper stratgies should be planned depending on socio-demographic profile.

 


Keywords


Breastfeeding, Colostrum, Infant

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ku CM, Chow SKY. Factor influencing the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among Hong Kong Chinese women: a questionnaire survey. J Clin Nurs. 2010;19:2434-45.

World Health Organisation. Promoting proper feeding for infants and young chidren. Available at:

http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/infantfeeding/en/ndex.html. Accessed on 10 December 2018.

World Health Organisation. Infant and young child feeding: Fact sheet N°342. Geneva: WHO; 2014. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/ factsheets/fs342/en/. Accessed on 10 December 2018.

World Health Organisation. 55th World Health Assembly. Infant and young child nutrition. World Health Organisation (WHA55.25). Available at: http://apps.who.int/gb/archive/pdf_files/WHA55/ewha5525.pdf;2002. Accessed on 10 December 2018.

Davies MC, Arinolan G, Sanusin R, Osotimehin B. Immunoglobulin classes and nutritional factors in plasma and breast milk of lactating mothers in Nigeria. Iran J Immunol. 2006;3:181–6.

Cacodkar J, Joglekar S, Dubhashi A. Breast feeding and infant feeding practices among rural mothers in Goa. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(1):184-9.

Iskandar MB, Costello C, Nasution Y. Initiation and Duration of Breast feeding in Indonesia. Asia Pac Popul J 1990;5:89-112.

Chinnasami B, Sundar S, Kumar J, Sadasivam K, Pasupathy S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Mothers Regarding Breastfeeding in a South Indian Hospital. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2016;9(1):195-9.

Sriram S, Soni P, Thanvi R, Prajapati N, Mehariya KM. Knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers regarding infant feeding practices. National J Community Med. 2013;3(2).

Yadav RJ and Singh P. Knowledge attitude and practices of mothers about breast feeding in Bihar. Indian J Community Med. 2004;29(3):130-1.

Kumar D, Agarwal N, Swami HM. Socio-demographic correlates of breastfeeding in urban slums of Chandigarh. Indian J Med. Sci 2006;60:461-6.

Ben Slama F, Ayari I, Buzini F, Belhadj O, Achour N. Exclusive breastfeeding and mixed feeding- knowledge, attitudes and practices of premiparous mothers. East Mediterr Health J. 2010;16(6):630-5.

Taneja DK, Saha R, Dabas P, Gautam VP, Tripathy Y, Mehra M. Study of infant feeding practices and the underlying factors in a rural areas of Delhi. Indian J Community Med. 2003;28:107-11.

Medhi GK and Mahauta J. Breastfeeding weaning practices and nutritional status of infants of tea gardens of Assam. Indian Pediatr. 2004;41:1277-8.

Yesildal N, Aytar G, Kocabay K, Mayda AS, Dagil SC and Bahcebasi T. Breastfeeding practices in Duzce Turkey. J Hum Lact Nov. 2012:24:393-400.

Karnawat BS, Singh RN, Gupta BD, Chaudhary SP. Knowledge and attitudes of hospital employees regarding infant feeding practices. Indian Pediatr. 1987;24:939-48.

Mushaphi LF, Mbhenyane XG, Khoza LB. Infant-feeding practices of mothers and the nutritional status of infants in the Vhembe District of Limpopo Province. S Afr J ClinNutr. 2008;21(2):36-41.