Assessment of cold chain and logistics management practices: a cross sectional study in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh

Ram K. Panika, Amarnath Gupta


Background: Immunization is one of the most effective disease prevention strategies. Potency of vaccine is dependent on effective management of cold chain system at all levels of vaccine handling. This study was carried out to assess the status of cold chain equipment and logistics management practices, Knowledge and practice of CCHs about cold chain equipment and logistics management.

Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted in all functional cold chain points of Damoh district using structured questionnaires provided by UNICEF.

Results: Only 57.14% and 71% CCPs had dedicated space for dry storage and for conditioning of ice packs respectably. 50% CCPs had correct placement of ice-packs inside DFs. Functional thermometer inside every equipment was available in 86% CCPs. Twice daily temperature recording and temperature of ILRs was within normal range in 93% CCPs. Record of power failures and defrosting/cleaning in temperature log books was found in 57% and 43% CCPs. Temp log book was countersigned by facility in charge in 43% CCPs. UIP vaccines were stored within basket in 93%. Fractional IPV was stock out in 29% CCPs and in 07% CCPs OPV vials were found with not usable VVM. 86%, 72% and 64% of CCHs had knowledge on freeze/temperature sensitive vaccines, cold chain pray and, Shake test. In 79% CCPs expired/wasted vaccines were not documented in stock.

Conclusions: Most of the components of cold chain and logistics management practices were satisfactory while there is a gap in other components which needs to be improved.



Cold chain, CCHs, CCPs, CCE, ILRs, DFs

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