Alcohol use and its influencing factors among undergraduate students in Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Science in district Etawah, India

Jyoti Mehra, Kripashankar Nayak, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Dhiraj Srivastava, Pradip Kharya, Neha Sachan


Background: Alcohol is most widely used substance abuse in college students. Use of alcohol is common in both urban as well as in rural area. In our country, there are many influencing factor for Alcohol use like peer pressure, friends, family and social media etc. Alcohol use has also effect on personal level, family as well as our society. So keeping these facts in view, the above mentioned study is being conducted. Aim of the study is to assess the use of alcohol among college going students and to find out factors influencing alcohol use. The study of objectives was done to assess the use of alcohol among college students, to correlate alcohol, use with socio-demographic profile of students and assessment of factors leading to use of alcohol.

Methods: The Present study was college based cross sectional study carried out in UP University of Medical Sciences, Saifai, Etawah for a period of one month in January2017. Consent from dean of the college was taken. A total of two hundred undergraduate students were randomly selected as study subjects.

Results: Out of total two hundred participants, majority were male. Prevalence of alcohol use in this study was 20%. Most of the participants use alcohol on monthly basis (i.e. 55% and most of them (i.e. 80%) were influenced by their friends to take alcohol. Among them 61% was using alcohol for fun.

Conclusions: Parents should have the responsibility for increasing communication with their children. There are need to support the students by fathers and mothers to lower the regular alcohol drinking habit.


Alcohol, Influencing, Adolescent, Youth

Full Text:



Integrated treatment of Substance Abuse & mental illness. Available at: Accessed on 3 June 2018.

Hingson RW, Zha W, Weitzman ER. Magnitude of and trends in alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18 –24, 1998 –2005. J Studies Alcohol Drugs. 2009;(Suppl. 16):12–20.

Wechsler H, Dowdall GW, Maenner G, et al. Changes in binge drinking and related problems among American college students between 1993 and 1997: Results of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study. J Am Coll Health. 1998;47(2):57–68.

Lipari RN, Van Horn SL. Children living with parents who have a substance use disorder. The CBHSQ Report: 2017. Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, SAMHSA. Available at: default/files/report_3223/ShortReport-3223.html. Accessed on 04 January 2018.

International council on alcoholism and drug dependence. Available at: about-addiction/underage-issues/underage-and-college-drinking. Accessed on 04 January 2018.

Dadwani RS, Thomas T. Prevalence of substance abuse: a community based study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(3):647-50

National Institute on Drug Abuse; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: https://www. infographics/drug-alcohol-use-in-college-age-adults-in-2016. Accessed on 07 January 2018.

Agarwal M, Nischal A, Agrawal A, Verma J, Dhanasekaran S. Substance Abuse in Children and Adolescents in India J. Indian Assoc. Child Adolesc Ment Health, 2013;9(3):62-79.

Saxena V, Saxena Y, Kishore G, Kumar P. A study on substance abuse among school going male adolescents of Doiwala Block, District Dehradun. Indian J Public Health. 2010;54(4):197-200.

Baba TA, Ganai AM, Qadri SS, Margoob MA, Iqbal QM, Khan ZA. An epidemiological study on substance abuse among college students of north India (Kashmir valley). Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;2(3):562-7.

Gupta S, Sarpal SS, Kumar D, Kaur T, Arora S. Prevalence, Pattern and Familial Effects of Substance Use Among the Male College Students-A North Indian Study. 2013;7(8):1632-6.

Ningombam S, Hutin Y, Murhekar MV. Prevalence and pattern of substance use among the higher secondary school students of Imphal, Manipur, India. Natl Med J India. 2011;24(1):11-5.

Garg A, Chavan BS, Singh GP, Bansal E. Patterns of alcohol consumption in medical students. J Indian Med Assoc. 2009;107(3):151-5.

Kumar SK, Akoijam BS. Alcohol consumption among undergraduate MBBS Students, Imphal. Int J Sci Res, 2013;4(3):59-62.