Role of dietary factors in management of cardiovascular diseases in rural population

Bhavani Yamasani, Siva Sakkara Reddy Pattubala, G. Raviprabhu


Background: Management of cardiovascular diseases in relation to dietary factors presents a particular challenge due to the paucity of healthcare facilities and lack of awareness. Aim of the study the present study was undertaken to study the role of dietary factors in management of cardiovascular diseases.

Methods: A total of 734 respondents of both male and female subjects with age group of 30 years and above age group were taken consent to study the role of dietary factors in management of cardiovascular risk factors in rural population of Tirupati.

Results: The prevalence of low fruit and  vegetable consumption has been found to be higher in those aged more than 50 years, female sex, Illiterate and primary level of education, unskilled occupation, unmarried/widowed/divorced, other religion, nuclear family, scheduled caste and tribe and those belonging to  lower socioeconomic status. Extra salt consumption was found in 7.8% subjects. The cardiovascular risk was found 76% belong to low risk, and 9.8% to medium risk and 14.2% belong to high risk in our study.

Conclusions: The present study suggests that diet factors like fruit and vegetable intake, amount of salt and oil consumption are most important risk factors in managing the cardiovascular diseases.


Cardiovascular, Diet, Factors

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