Challenges faced in utilization of social security facilities among elderly in a rural area of Bangalore

Hemalatha Umashankar, Sudeepa D., Lalith D. Hiremath, Ratnesh ., Nidhi Sharma


Background: As the life expectancy is rising, there is change in structure of the population. For the year 2018 the estimates are 8% of total population were above the age 60 years, and is likely to rise to 19% by 2050. There is implication of increase in the prevalence of chronic conditions such as cardio vascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, locomotor and mental disorders etc. social security is to provide sustenance to people who cannot work and earn their living due to aging. The objectives of the study were to assess the awareness and utilisation of social security facilities among elderly in rural area and to determine the Challenges in utilizing social security facilities among elderly in rural area.

Methods: Descriptive study was done in Muthanallur village, Bangalore. All elders (60 years old and above) were interviewed using a pre-tested semi-structure questionnaire. Results are described in terms of proportions and percentages. The results with p-value less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results: There were 194 (45.4%) subjects aged 60-69 years. A majority of them were females 244 (57.1%) and males 183 (42.9%). Study subjects residing in joint families were 360 (84.3%) awareness about IGNOAPS and IGNWPS was higher 206 (63%). Awareness among females (76.4%) were significantly more aware of IGNWPS as compared to males (87.9%) (p<0.05).

Conclusions: Awareness and information to approach for utilizing the scheme and ease of administrative procedures should be an integral part of social security scheme.


Social security schemes, Elderly, Challenges, IGNOAPS, IGNWPS

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