Dietary preferences for food items among children of age 5-10 years in a rural area of Perambalur district, South India
Keywords:Food preference, Diet pattern, Nutritional preferences. Mobile phone use, TV use
Background: Appropriate nutrition in early childhood plays an important role in normal growth and development, as well as on the long-term health of individuals. There is increasing recognition that dietary pattern better reflects the overall quality of the diet. The dietary pattern has been shown to be associated with nutrient intakes and linked to chronic diseases including obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in children. The aim of the study was to assess the dietary preferences for food items (vegetables, fruits, meat, milk products, snacks and starch) among children of age 5-10 years in the rural area of Perambalur district, South India.
Methods: Six food categories (vegetables, fruits, meat, milk products, snacks and starch) were included in the questionnaire to study the dietary preferences of the child. Data were entered into a Microsoft Excel worksheet and analysed for frequencies and percentages. Mean score and its standard deviation were calculated for individual food items.
Results: The study shows that most of the children prefer milk/milk products with a highest mean score of 3.94 followed by a preference for snacks. Most avoided food were vegetables, followed by meat and meat products. The overall score was found to be low for all the categories of food among children who prefer mobile compared to TV and outdoor group. But this difference was not statistically significant. This difference was close to 0.05 only in vegetable group category.
Conclusions: The results will help in planning the nutritional counselling programmes for children. These findings have to be further correlated with the nutritional status of the individual children and deficiencies if any.
Njelekela MA, Muhihi A, Mpembeni RNM, Anaeli A, Chillo O, Kubhoja S, et al. Knowledge and attitudes towards obesity among primary school children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Niger Med J [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2018 Aug 20];56(2):103–8. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25838624
Ranjani H, Mehreen TS, Pradeepa R, Anjana RM, Garg R, Anand K, et al. Epidemiology of childhood overweight & obesity in India: A systematic review. Indian J Med Res [Internet]. 2016 Feb [cited 2018 Aug 20];143(2):160–74. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27121514
Importance of Good Nutrition | HHS.gov [Internet]. [cited 2018 Aug 29]. Available from: https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/eat-healthy/importance-of-good-nutrition/index.html
Shi Z, Makrides M, Zhou SJ. Dietary patterns and obesity in preschool children in Australia: a cross-sectional study. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2018 Aug 20];27(2):406–12. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29384330
Food pattern, diet quality, and related characteristics of schoolchildren in New York State. J Am Diet Assoc [Internet]. 1993 Nov 1 [cited 2018 Aug 29];93(11):1280–4. Available from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/000282239391955P
Szczepaniak B, Górecka D, Jędrusek-Golińska A. Nutritional PREFERENCES AMONG CHILDREN AT PRE-SCHOOL AGE [Internet]. Vol. 1, ACTA Technologia Alimentaria. 2002 [cited 2018 Aug 29]. Available from: https://www.food.actapol.net/pub/11_2_2002.pdf
Wardle J, Herrera M-L, Cooke L, Gibson EL. Modifying children’s food preferences: the effects of exposure and reward on acceptance of an unfamiliar vegetable. Eur J Clin Nutr [Internet]. 2003 Feb 6 [cited 2018 Aug 29];57(2):341–8. Available from: http://www.nature.com/articles/1601541
Benton D. Role of parents in the determination of the food preferences of children and the development of obesity. Int J Obes [Internet]. 2004 Jul 1 [cited 2018 Aug 29];28(7):858–69. Available from: http://www.nature.com/articles/0802532
DuRant RH, Baranowski T, Johnson M, Thompson WO. The Relationship Among Television Watching, Physical Activity, and Body Composition of Young Children. Pediatrics [Internet]. 1994 [cited 2018 Sep 5];94(4). Available from: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/94/4/449.short
Crespo CJ, Smit E, Troiano RP, Bartlett SJ, Macera CA, Andersen RE. Television Watching, Energy Intake, and Obesity in US Children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med [Internet]. 2001 Mar 1 [cited 2018 Sep 5];155(3):360. Available from: http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/archpedi.155.3.360