Assessment of surveillance activity for malaria control under national anti malaria programme in Yadgir district, Karnataka

B. N. Sunil, S. J. Naresh Kumar


Background: This paper reports the findings of evaluation of National Anti-malaria programme (NAMP) conducted independently for Government of India in Yadgir district of Karnataka state in February 2011, by the Department of Community Medicine, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Kolar.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Yadgir district. Multistage sampling was employed to select the study population. The head of the household and other members present in the household were interviewed and the data was recorded in a predesigned semi-structured questionnaire. The obtained data was entered in the MS excel sheet and analyzed for proportions.

Results: Data was collected from 1026 eligible persons. Eight (0.77%) fever cases were distributed among study population. Among fever cases only two (25%) had taken chloroquine. Only one (12.5%) blood smear were taken from fever cases by health worker. Indoor residual spray was not done in any of households.

Conclusions: Considering the poor blood smear collection, low intake of chloroquine among fever cases, there is a need to ensure the delivery of these services by health workers. Also steps should be taken to increase the awareness among health workers regarding second line treatment of malaria and insecticide impregnated bed nets.


Fever, Blood smear, Bed nets, Malaria

Full Text:



World Health Organization. World malaria report, 2017. Available at: world_malaria_report_2017/WMR2017_factsheet.pdf. Accessed on 5 June 2018.

Directorate of National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme [homepage on the internet]. Delhi: Government of India. Malaria situation in India; [about 2 screens]. Available at: Accessed on 5 June 2018.

Kishore J. National Health Programs of India. 12th Edition. New Delhi: Century Publications; 2017: 386.

Park K. Health Programmes in India. Parks Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 24st Edition. Jablpur: M/S Banarasidas; 2017: 436.

Yadgir District Population, Karnataka- Census India 2011. Available at: https://www.censusindia2011 .com/Karnataka/Yadgir-population. Accessed on 10 June 2018.

Document malaria surveillance. Available at: Accessed on 24 July 2018.

Chipwaza B, Mugasa JP, Mayumana I, Amuri M, Makungu C, Gwakisa PS, et al. Community Knowledge and Attitudes and Health Workers' Practices regarding Non-malaria Febrile Illnesses in Eastern Tanzania. PLOS Negl Trop Dis. 2014;8(5):2896.

Chaurasia MK, Raghavendra K, Bhatt RM, Swain DK, Dutta GDP, Klleinschmidt I. Involvement of Mitanins (female health volunteers) in active malaria surveillance, determinants and challenges in tribal populated malaria endemic villages of Chhattisgarh, India. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:9.

Mukhopadyaya AK. Evaluation of vector control programmes like indoor residual spray and insecticide-treated bed nets in a malaria endemic area of East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. J Parasitic Dis. 2007;2:128-33.

Kalilani-Phiri LL, Lungu D, Coghlan R. Knowledge and malaria treatment practices using artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) in Malawi: survey of health professionals. Malar J. 2011;10:279.

Park K. Health Programmes in India. Parks Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 23rd Edition. Jablpur: M/S Banarasidas; 2016: 417.

Lalit K Das, Purushothaman Jambulingam and Candasamy Sadanandane. Impact of community-based presumptive chloroquine treatment of fever cases on malaria morbidity and mortality in a tribal area in Orissa State, India. Malar J. 2008;7:75.

Prasad H. Evaluation of malaria control programme in three districts of Assam, India. J vector Borne Dis. 2009;46:280-7.