DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20185240

Global age-specific denominator estimation for monitoring of health and nutrition SDGs and indicators based on population projections of the UN World population prospects, 2017 revision, for the year 2018

Manoj Kumar Raut

Abstract


Background: The success of any program is measured by continuous monitoring through service statistics for a periodic oversight and through evaluation surveys to measure the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and impact of activities in the light of specified objectives. Service statistics need a lot of indicators to be tracked on a regular basis. The service statistics provide us with numerators. To understand the numerators more meaningfully, we need to standardize them by using specific denominators. So, denominators have to be estimated, which can enable computation of indicators for monitoring purposes. Census and Large scale sample surveys provide proportions to calculate denominators for program monitoring purposes.

Methods: This paper uses demographic techniques to estimate denominators for all the countries for which data from the world population prospects is available.

Results: The denominators have been estimated for number of infants, children and women of reproductive age and elderly in the age group of 60+ years.

Conclusions: The estimations of denominators at the sub-national levels becomes quite challenging due to the scarce availability of data to be used as proportions for different population groups. But, once, the methodology is improved with appropriate data, it could serve as a boon for annual program monitoring process at multiple data time points between two national surveys.


Keywords


Demographic techniques, Estimation of denominators, Program planning and monitoring

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References


Raut MK, Sebastian D, Sahu AB. Monitoring of Health and Nutrition Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Indicators: A case of estimation of denominators of thirteen 100 million plus countries for the mid-year of 2017, Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5:1844-58.

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United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision, Methodology of the United Nations Population Estimates and Projections, Working Paper No. ESA/P/WP.250. New York: United Nations, 2017.

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World Health Organization, UNICEF, IFPRI, University of UC Davis, FANTA 2, AED, USAID, (2010). Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices: Part 2: Measurement : Conclusions of a consensus meeting held 6–8 November 2007 in Washington D.C., USA, 2010.