Perception of pregnant women towards caesarean section in Nigeria: a case study of a missionary hospital in Edo state, Nigeria
Keywords:Perception, Pregnant women, Caesarean section
Background: The perception of pregnant women towards caesarean section (CS) even in the face of danger has been a major concern. The major objective of the study was to investigate the perception of pregnant women attending a missionary hospital in Edo state, Nigeria. A simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred pregnant women from the antenatal clinic the hospital.
Methods: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics in form of frequency, percentages and tables, t-test and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) at the significance level of 5%.
Results: Findings revealed that perception of pregnant women towards caesarean sections is negative/low, 79% objected delivery via CS for fear of death while 82% objected due to family preference of vaginal delivery. 60% also objected because of the cost of undergoing CS. Findings further revealed that the group of respondents who have experienced caesarean section have a more positive perception towards caesarean section than the group who haven’t.Conclusions: This study clearly indicate that there is a negative perception of pregnant women in this setting and majority of them were clearly adverse to CS. Educational level also significantly influences the perception of pregnant women towards caesarean section. It is therefore recommended that proper education of the masses be done so as to correct the wrong notions about caesarean section.
Van Dongen PWJ. Caesarean section: etymology and early history. South Afri J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;15(2):62-7.
Ruth D. Caesarean section: encyclopedia for sex and sexuality. 2007. Available at: www.sexuality-encyclopedia/com/dr.
Myles M. A textbook for midwives, 14th edition, Edinburgh, London, New York Oxford Philadelphia. St Louis Sydney, Toronto. 2010.
Van Ham MA, Van Dongen PW, Mulder J. Maternal consequences of caesarean section. A retrospective study of intraoperative and postoperative maternal consequences of caesarean section during a ten year period. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1997;74(1):1-6.
Chigbu C, Iloabachie G. The burden of caesarean section refusal in a developing country setting. BJOG. 2007;114:1261-5.
Geidam AD, Audu BM, Kawuwa BM, Obed JY. A retrospective review of caesarean section performed at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. Ann Afr Med. 2009;8(2):127-32.
Swende TZ. Emergency caesarean section in Federal Medical Centre Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. Niger J Med. 2008;17(4):396-8.
Chigbu C, Iloabachie G. The burden of caesarean section refusal in a developing country setting. BJOG-Int J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;114(10):1261-5.
Centers for disease control. Rates of caesarean delivery- United States, 1991.
Qazi Q, Akhtar Z, Khan K, Khan AH. Pregnant women view regarding cesarean section in Northwest Pakistan. Trop Med Surg. 2013;1:105.
Aziken M, Omo-Aghoja L, Okonofua F. Perceptions and attitude of pregnant women towards caesarean section in urban Nigeria. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86(1):42-7.
Osula CO. Medical companion for everybody, 5th edition, Benin City. Stevon Publications; 2002.
Bukar M, Audu BM, Massa AA. Caesarean delivery at Federal Medical Centre Gombe: a 3 year experience. Niger J Med. 2009;18(2):179-83.