DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20162417

A study on diet and nutritional status among adolescent girls in Lucknow district, India

Shivani Sinha, Raj Bahadur Singh

Abstract


Background: Adolescent constitute about one fifth of the world’s population. In India they account for 21% (approximately 230 million) of the total population. The world health organization (WHO) has defined adolescence as the age group of 10-19 years. The objective of the study was to study the nutritional status of adolescent girls and factors affecting the health and nutritional status in adolescent girls.   

Methods: A school based cross-sectional study was carried out in Lucknow district from October 2013 to September 2014. A total of 640 adolescent girls were included in the study. Data was collected, compiled and tabulated using Microsoft Excel and analysed using SPSS 17.0 version for calculation of percentages.

Results: Mean weight of adolescent girls in all age groups in both urban and rural schools was better than ICMR standards and showed significant difference with the ICMR mean weight for respective ages except in ages 16, 17 ,18  and 19 years in urban school girl’s and in ages 17, 18 and 19 years in rural school girls. The mean height of adolescent girls in both urban and rural schools was better than ICMR standards except in age 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19 years in both urban and rural schools and it showed a significant difference with the ICMR mean height for respective ages except in ages 12 and 13 years in urban schools and in ages 13, 18 and 19 years in rural schools.

Conclusions: In urban girls the prevalence of thinness was present about 5.58%, where as in rural girls none of the girls were thin. In urban girls the prevalence of overweight was also more, 6.25% than in rural girls, 5.72%.

Keywords


Adolescence, Weight, Height, BMI, WHO, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

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