Awareness and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students of Al Baha University, KSA

Yasir B. Elshambaty, Ibrahim A. El Jack, Saud A. Al Zahrani, Mohammad O. Al Ghamdi, Abdulrazag O. Shaker, Khalid G. Al Ghamdi, Mohammad A. Alelyani


Background: The aim of this study was to assess the level of awareness and practice of road safety measures by medical students of Al Baha University, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: The study was descriptive, cross-sectional, students-based conducted among the students of faculty of medicine, ALBaha University, between 1st to 15th May 2017.

Results: A total of (n=125) students were enrolled and the vast majority (98.4%) of them aged 18-25 years. All of them are male. Around (97.6%) and (96%) of the participants have car and driving license, respectively. The majority (93.6%) of the participants were aware of road traffic regulations. The major (60%) did not receive driving training. Majority of students involved in RTA regardless the Mobile phone use during driving and driving speed. Approximately (70%) of the participants violated the traffic regulations in more than two occasions in the last year, whilst less than one third of the students use the seat belt and small percent do not use the mobile while they are driving. Around (76%) were previously involved in RTA.

Conclusions: The RTAs rate was high among our students regardless their high level of awareness of traffic regulations. Studying medicine had little effect on car driving behaviour. Medical students of Al Baha University had more cars compared to their medical counterparts in the nearby regions, thus the accidents rate was found high. RTAs was multifactorial in our population. Restriction to give the driving license by the authorities is highly recommended.



Awareness, RTA, Medical students, Road safety

Full Text:



Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Mohan Hyder AA, Jarawan A. World Report on Traffic Injury Prevention. Geneva (CH): World Health Organization; 2004. Available at: http://whqlibdoc. Accessed on 3 June 2018.

World Health Organization. The Injury Chart book: A graphical overview of the global burden of injuries. Geneva (CH): World Health Organization; 2002. Available at: publications/924156220X.pdf. Accessed on 3 June 2018.

Reang T, Tripura A. Road Safety: Knowledge, practice and determinants among undergraduate medical students of Agartala Government Medical College & Govinda Ballabh Pant hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3:911-5.

Al-Tukhi MH. Road Traffic Accidents: Statistics and Data Comparing Gulf Countries and Riyadh Area. Saudi Med J. 1990;11:1-3.

Ansari S, Akhdar F, Mandoorah M, Moutaery K. Causes and effects of road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia. Public Health. 2000;114:37–9.

Al-Khaldi YM. Attitude and practice towards road traffic regulation among students of health sciences college of Aseer Region. J Family Community Med. 2006;13:108-13.

Badawi IA, Alakija W, Aziz MA. Road Traffic accidents In Asir Region, Saudi Arabia: Pattern and Prevention. Saudi Med J. 1995;16:257–60.

Nofal FH, Saeed AA, Anokute CC. Aetiological factors contributing to road traffic accidents in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. J R Soci Health. 1996;116:304–11.

Al-Zahrani HA. Knowledge and attitude towards road traffic regulations among students of health sciences college in Taif KSA. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015;4:241-4.

Manjula R, Vijaylaxmi BH, Dorle AS. A study on knowledge and practice of road safety among medical students of S.N. Medical College, Karnataka. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(6):1993-5.

Phanindra D, Chaitanya G. Awareness and practice of road safety measures among college going students in Guntur City. public health Review. Int J Public Health Res. 2016;3:54-8.

Emmily MK, Angolkar M, Swati BM. Assessment of Knowledge and Practice Measures Regarding Prevention of Road Traffic Accidents among Undergraduate Medical Students. Int Res J Interdisciplinary Multidisciplinary Studies (IRJIMS). 2016;2:93-101.