Problems of medical education in India


  • Balbir Singh Deswal Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical College, Budhera, Gurgaon-122505, Haryana, India
  • Vijay K. Singhal Department of Community Medicine, SGT Medical College, Budhera, Gurgaon-122505, Haryana, India



Medical education, Problems, Accreditation, Curriculum


Background: Indian medical education system is one of the largest in the world. Medical colleges in India have rapidly proliferated in the past 25 years, doubling since 1980 for a current total of 422, each associated with university, producing 52565 MBBS doctors each year. Medical education is facing problems and challenges for quality education in the countries. Article is an attempt to identify and analyze the current problems and challenges of medical education in India.

Methods: Cross-sectional data collected over a period of three months from September 2015 to December 2015 from various sources including medical colleges regarding problems of medical education have been analysed and discussed in details to find out the possible solutions and actions required at regulatory authority including Government, institutions, administration, faculty and medical students.

Results: To achieve doctor- patient ratio, Indian Government is emphasizing to increase admission and training of medical students. One third of these doctors leave India every year for residency training and/or practice abroad. The quality of Indian medical education and of physicians it produces therefore has implications for entire world. An exploding number of medical colleges; a skewed distribution of these around the country; devaluation of merit in admission, particularly in private institutions; increasing capitation fees; admission of suboptimal quality of students with poor motivation; an alarming shortage of medical teachers, with those who exist being untrained in modern teaching learning technology; great shortage of patients/ clinical materials in many institutions; outdated curriculum;  a less than desirable evaluation system and poor internship supervision all contribute to this downhill trend. Accreditation by Medical Council of India (MCI) emphasizes documentation of infrastructures and resources with doubtful assessment system.

Conclusions: Discussion of all medical problems and challenges faced in medical education required to be addressed at various levels. Roles of Government, accreditation system, institutions and faculty, legal issues including selection of medical students are required to address the problems. 


List of colleges and courses. Available http// (accessed on 22 Apr 2016)

Medical Council of India 2011. Vision 2015 available http// announcement/mci_ booklet.pdf (accessed on 22 Apr 2016).

Ananthakrishnan N. Medical education in India: Is it still possible to reverse the downhill trends. Natl Med J India. 2010;23:156-60.

Diwan V, Minj C, Chhari N, De Costa A. Indian medical students in public and private sector medical schools: are motivations and career aspirations different? - studies from Madhya Pradesh, India. BMC Med Educ. 2013:127-8.

Supe A, Burdick WP. Challenges and issues in medical education in India. Academic Medicine. 2006;81:1076-80.

Mahal A, Mohanan M. Growth of private medical education in India. Med Educ. 2006;40(10):1009-11.

Ray S, Shah I, Nundy S. The research output from Indian medical institutions between 2005 and 2014. Current Medical Research and Practice. 2016;6:4-6.

Singh T, Gupta P, Singh D. Principles of medical edn 4th ed New Delhi. Jaypee Brothers. 2013, p 144-149.

Solanki A, Kashyp P. Medical education in India; current challenges and the way foreward. Med teacher. 2014;36:1-5.

Sabde Y, Diwan V, DeCosta A, Mahadik V. Mapping the rapid expansion of India’s medical education sector: planning for future. BMC Med Educ. 2014;14:266-7.

Vallayamma P, Deshpande SR, Gayatree L. Mal-distribution of Medical manpower resultant decay of the Indian medical education system: existing problems and possible solutions. Br J Med Pract. 2007;2(1):46-9.

Kumar R. Academic institutionalisation of community health services: Way ahead in medical education reforms. J Fam Med Primary Care. 2012;1:10-9.

Ananthakrishnan N. Acute shortage of teachers in medical colleges: existing problems and possible solutions. Natl Med J India. 2007;20:25-9.

Indexing Statistics: medline /pub med resources metdata base available at bsd/index_stats.html ( accessed on 30.04.2016).

Sood R, Adkoli BV. Medical education in India-problems and prospective. J Indian Acad clin Med. 2000;1:210-2.

Sood R. A rational approach for the assessment of clinical competence of undergraduate medical students. J Assoc Physicians India. 1999;47:980-4.

Chandramohan P. Medical education in India at crossroads: Issues and solutions. 2013;1:1-4.




How to Cite

Deswal, B. S., & Singhal, V. K. (2016). Problems of medical education in India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 3(7), 1905–1909.



Original Research Articles