Short night sleeping is associated with higher risk of diabetes in older adults
Keywords:Sleep duration, Type II diabetes, Risk, Meta-analysis
Background: It remains unclear how many hours of sleep are associated with the lowest risk of diabetes type II. This meta-analysis was completed to evaluate the dose-response relationship between sleep duration and risk of diabetes type II.
Methods: We conducted this meta-analysis using a comprehensive search of Medline, Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane database of systematic reviews, and Cochrane central register of controlled trials till 01 May 2017 for prospective observational studies that assessed the relationship of sleep duration and risk of type II diabetes. Both semiparametric and parametric methods were used.
Results: Ten articles with 7 reports were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. A total of 16,123 incident cases of type II diabetes were ascertained among 402,397 participants with follow-up periods ranging from 3 to 17 years. The relationship was observed between sleep duration and risk of type II diabetes, with the lowest risk observed at a sleep duration category of 7–8 h per day. Compared with 7-h sleep duration per day, the pooled relative risks for type II diabetes were 1.11 (95% CI 1.06–1.17) for each 1-h shorter sleep duration among individuals who slept <7 h per day and 1.13 (1.05–1.31) for each 1-h increment of sleep duration among individuals with longer sleep duration.
Conclusions: Both short and long sleep duration are linked with a considerably increased risk of type II diabetes, underscoring the significance of appropriate sleep duration in the delay or prevention of type II diabetes.
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