Prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia among male industrial workers in India


  • Pratibha Suresh Wankhade Department of Occupational Health, MedInd Concepts Health Services, Mulund West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Ratnaprabha Bhalchandra Pedhambkar Department of Preventive Medicine, MedInd Concepts Health Services, Mulund West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Rajani Satish Pagare Department of Physiotherapy, Deccan Education Society’s Brijlala Jindal College of Physiotherapy, Fergusson Campus, Shivaji Nagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Bhalchandra Sonu Pedhambkar Occupational Physician, Owens Corning India Private Limited, Taloja, Raigad, Maharashtra, India



Prevalence, Dyslipidemia, Risk factors, Industrial workers


Background: Lipid Abnormalities are major risk factors for coronary artery diseases. Prevalence of dyslipidemia is high in India shown by various studies due to lifestyle changes. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia and its association with body fat percentage, body mass index, diabetes, tobacco use and hypertension.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 male employees from a packaging and binding industry in Maharashtra. Behavioural data, anthropometric measurements and blood collection were conducted by trained staff using standard instruments.

Results: Majority of the participants were in the age group between 30-60 years. Overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was 50.7% among study subjects.15.3%, 27% 62%, 23% and 50.7% of participants had high serum cholesterol, high triglycerides, low high density lipoprotein (HDL), high low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high cholesterol/HDL ratio respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed abnormal cholesterol level was associated with high body fat percentage and hypertension. Abnormal triglyceride level was associated with high blood sugar and hypertension. High LDL level was associated only with hypertension. Abnormal HDL level and high cholesterol/HDL ratio was strongly associated with age (>40 years).

Conclusions: The prevalence of dyslipidemia was high among male industrial workers in India. Screening programs should be conducted at work places for early detection of dyslipidemia. Information, education and communication (IEC) programs based on lifestyle modification like healthy diet habits, regular physical activity for weight control and tobacco cessation need to be implemented at work places.

Author Biography

Pratibha Suresh Wankhade, Department of Occupational Health, MedInd Concepts Health Services, Mulund West, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Consultant ( Preventive Medicine) Med Ind CONCEPTS.

Family Physician (Navi Mumbai)


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How to Cite

Wankhade, P. S., Pedhambkar, R. B., Pagare, R. S., & Pedhambkar, B. S. (2018). Prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia among male industrial workers in India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 5(4), 1458–1465.



Original Research Articles