Overweight and obesity: a rising problem in India


  • Bharat Meharda Department of Community Medicine, J.L.N. Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
  • Sanjeev Kumar Sharma Department of Community Medicine, J.L.N. Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
  • Govind Singhal Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Kota, Rajasthan, India
  • Dilip Kumar L. Department of Community Medicine, Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India




Overweight, Obesity, School children, Childhood


Background: Obesity is one of today’s most neglected public health problems. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health problems. Obesity causes cluster of non-communicable diseases and creating an enormous socioeconomic and public health burden.

Methods: School based cross-sectional study was done in Udaipur city of Rajasthan. Simple random sampling method was used to obtain 1000 study subjects. Questionnaire included their general information, factor contributing to overweight and obesity.

Results: 500 (50.00%) subjects were from the government schools and 500 (50.00%) from private schools. Among study participants 336 (33.60%), 332 (33.20%) and 332 (33.20%) were from 8th, 9th and 10th class respectively. 8.20% Overweight and 2.40% obesity found among school children. Overweight and obesity was found high in private schools 14.00% as compared to government schools 7.20%. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is slightly more in girls 12.60% than boys 8.60%.

Conclusions: Prevalence of overweight and obesity is more than 10% in school children of Udaipur city, The prevalence of overweight and obesity was high among girls, among school children’s whose mother were working.


Author Biography

Bharat Meharda, Department of Community Medicine, J.L.N. Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

Assistant Professor,

Department of Community Medicine.




Ng M, Fleming T, Robinson M, Thomson B, Graetz N, Margono C, et al. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2014;384:766-81.

World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Technical Report Series No 894, Geneva: WHO; 2000. Available at http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/obesity/WHO_TRS_894/en/. Accessed 04 August 2017.

World Health Organization. Obesity and overweight. Fact sheet. Updated June 2016. Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/ factsheets/fs311/en/. Accessed on 07 June 2017.

National Family Health Survey – 4. Fact Sheet. 2015-16. Available at http://www.rchiips.org/ NFHS/pdf/NFHS4/India.pdf. Accessed on 15 August 2017.

Mercedes de Onis, Monika Blössner, Elaine Borghi. Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92:1257–64.

Livingstone MB. Childhood obesity in Europe: A Growing Concern. Public Health Nutr. 2001;4:109–16.

World Health Organization. Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health. Childhood overweight and obesity. Available at http://www. who.int/dietphysicalactivity/childhood/en/. Accessed on 02 July 2017.

Must A, Anderson SE. Body mass index in children and adolescents: considerations for population-based applications. Int J Obesity. 2006;30:590–4.

Karnik S, Kanekar A. Childhood Obesity: A Global Public Health Crisis. Int J Prevent Med. 2012;3(1):1–7.

Zdziarski LA, Wasser JG, Vincent HK. Chronic pain management in the obese patient: a focused review of key challenges and potential exercise solutions. J Pain Res. 2015;8:63–77.

Goldfield GS, Moore C, Henderson K, Buchholz A, Obeid N, Flament MF. Body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, depression, and weight status in adolescents. J School Health. 2010;4(80):186–92.

Goyal RK, Shah VN, Saboo BD, Phatak SR, Shah NN, Gohel MC, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Indian adolescent school going children: its relationship with socioeconomic status and associated lifestyle factors. Maharashtra Chapter of Association of Physician of India. JAPI. 2010;58:151-8.

Soniya V, Ashtekar, Sarita B, Mantri, Atul V, Wadagale. Prevalence and epidemiology of overweight and obesity among upper primary school children in Latur city. MedPulse–Int Med J. 2014;1(1):15-9.

Asha B, Mahendra BJ, Harish BR. A study of correlates of overweight/ obesity among high school children of Mandya city, Karnataka. Int J Current Res. 2015;7(1):11594-8.

Thippeswamy HM, Kumar N, Acharya S, Pentapati KC. Relationship between body mass index and dental caries among adolescent children in south India. West Indian Med J. 2011;60(5):581-6.

Pangani IN, Kiplamai FK, Kamau JW, Vincent O. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children Aged 8–13 Years in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Adv Prevent Med; 2016: 1-5.

Desalew A, Mandesh A, Semahegn A. Childhood overweight, obesity and associated factors among primary school children in dire dawa, eastern Ethiopia; a cross-sectional study. BMC Obesity. 2017;4(20):1-10.

Mahajan A, Negi PC. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in urban school going adolescents in shimla city. Int J Nutr Pharmacol Neurolog Dis. 2014;4(1):23-8.

Khot SP, Vairagad UK. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among School Children in Aurangabad City, Maharashtra, India. Int J Current Med Applied Sci. 2015;5(2):51-5.

Vaida N. Prevalence of obesity among children studying in government and private schools in district Anantnag age group (6-12 years), IOSR J Pharm. 2013;3(1):04-11.

Kavita HS, Ashok NC. Prevalence of Obesity among Primary school children and its Association with Parental obesity and Socio-economic status. Medica Innovatica. 2013;2(1):26-31.

Ramesh K. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among high school students of Thiruvananthapuram City Corporation, Kerala, India. Australasian Med J. 2010; 3(10):650-61.

Tapnikar LA, Dhingra S. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among high school children in Nagpur, Maharashtra: a cross sectional study. Scholars J Applied Med Sci. 2017;5(2):638-42.




How to Cite

Meharda, B., Sharma, S. K., Singhal, G., & Kumar L., D. (2017). Overweight and obesity: a rising problem in India. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(12), 4548–4552. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20175328



Original Research Articles