A comparative study among medical and nursing interns about the awareness of hepatitis B infection and knowledge of vaccination status: a cross sectional study
Keywords:Hepatitis B infection, Medical interns, Nursing students, Hepatitis B vaccination
Background: Hepatitis B is a major health problem worldwide and more serious in India. An estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B. Hepatitis B is an important occupational hazard for health workers. However, it can be prevented by currently available safe and effective vaccine. A Study on Awareness of Hepatitis B Infection and Vaccination among Medical Interns and Nursing interns in Santhiram Medical College, Nandyal, Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.
Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study is done. Students who are present at the time of data collection by a pre structured pre-tested questionnaire given. Data was analyzed by usingSPSS 21 version. Data was presented in proportions and chi-square was done for significance with 95% confidence interval.
Results: The study was under taken among the medical interns (80) and nursing interns (70) at Santhiram Medical College, Nandyal. Out of all 150 students 87% all know that the type of infections viral. There is a significant knowledge difference between the medical interns and nursing interns about the knowledge of the modes of transmission i.e. Medical interns have higher knowledge when compared to nursing interns. 97% of medical interns are vaccinated whereas only 50% of nursing interns and also significant difference knowledge about the post exposure prophylaxis 76% in medical interns 19% in nursing interns.
Conclusions: This study showed that overall awareness regarding hepatitis B is at a very basic level among the nursing interns when compared to medical interns of the future and measures need to be taken to create complete awareness.
Mediacentre Hepatitis B Factsheet. Available at:
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en/. Accessed on 4 June 2017.
Global Hepatitis Report, Available at: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/255016/1/9789241565455-eng.pdf Accessed on 4 June 2017.
Patil S, Rao RS, Agarwal A. Awareness and risk perception of hepatitis B infection among auxiliary healthcare workers. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2013;3:67–71.
Paul P, Arumugam B. Knowledge and awareness regarding hepatitis B infection among medical and dental students: a comparative cross sectional study. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3:2352-6.
Sujatha PK. Sudha S. Assessment of Knowledge regarding Hepatitis B among Medical Students in Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, Eastgodavari District, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Interdisciplinary Multidisciplinary Studies. 2014;1(7):45-7.
Choudhury P. Awareness of hepatitis B infection among healthcare students in a private medical college in Odisha. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2015;5(2):63–7.