Menstruation: gap in knowledge, belief and practice among adolescent girls in an urban area of Belagavi


  • Suhasini Kanyadi Department of Community Medicine, S. N. Medical College, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India
  • Chandra S. Metgud Department of Community Medicine, J. N. Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India



Adolescent girls, Menstruation, Menstrual hygiene, Knowledge gap


Background: The period of adolescence, beginning with the onset of puberty, is a crucial transition into adulthood. There is a substantial lacuna in the knowledge, belief and practice about menstruation. This study addresses the gap in knowledge, belief and practice regarding menstruation among adolescent girls.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted over a period of one year, in an urban area of Belagavi among 625 adolescent girls in the age group of 16–19 years. Data was collected by house to house visit using a predesigned, pretested questionnaire.

Results: The mean age (±SD) at menarche was found to be 12.8±1.73 years. Our study showed that as the knowledge increased, there was increase in the use of sanitary pad (p<0.001) and increase in the number of girls practicing cleaning of external genitalia during menstruation (p<0.01). However, it was found that 276 (50.5%) and 175 (37.7%) of the girls did not use sanitary pads and practice cleaning of external genitalia during menstruation even after having correct knowledge showing a gap in knowledge and practice. Similarly, among the 494 girls who knew that menstruation is a natural process, 93 (18.8%) girls wrongly believed she shouldn’t sleep in the same place as usual, 124 (25.1%) said she shouldn’t enter the kitchen, 186 (37.7%) believed that certain foods should be avoided and only 37 (7.5%) rightly believed that girls could go to place of worship during menstruation showing a gap in knowledge and belief.

Conclusions: The study reported a gap in knowledge, belief and practice among adolescent girls. To bridge this gap causes have to be identified and addressed. 


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How to Cite

Kanyadi, S., & Metgud, C. S. (2017). Menstruation: gap in knowledge, belief and practice among adolescent girls in an urban area of Belagavi. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(10), 3640–3644.



Original Research Articles