Maternal mortality at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Dibrugarh district, Assam: a retrospective study
Keywords:Maternal mortality, Tertiary care, Anaemia, Dibrugarh
Background: Maternal mortality is a measure of quality of health care in a community. Assam has the highest maternal mortality rate among all India’s states, which is almost double the national average, with around 328 deaths per 100 000 live births. Three quarters of these deaths are among the tea plantations community. It has serious implications on the family, the society and the nation. Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is a very sensitive index that reflects the quality of reproductive care provided to the pregnant women. The objective of the study was to assess the Institutional maternal mortality and the causes of maternal death over a period of a year at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Dibrugarh district, Assam.
Methods: A retrospective hospital based study of maternal death cases from September 2015 to August 2016 was conducted to assess the maternal mortality. The study was carried out in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of Assam Medical College and Hospital (AMCH), Assam. The study included 48 maternal deaths in the year. The information regarding reproductive parameters was collected from the maternal death register and the results were analyzed by using percentage.
Results: Out of 9789 total deliveries, Institutional Maternal Mortality was found to be 490 per 1, 00,000 live births. The maternal death was high among the Tea Garden community (66.7%) at the age group 15–20 years and was prevalent mainly in the illiterates (31.3%). Anaemia (29.1%) was the leading cause of death; followed eclampsia (23.0%) and septicaemia (17.0%) while cardio respiratory failure was indirect leading cause for maternal deaths.
Conclusions: There is a wide scope for improvement as a large proportion of the observed deaths were preventable. Most maternal deaths can be limited by utilisation of existing medical facilities and identifying the barriers in accessing health delivery system. Early identification of high risk pregnancies and regular ante-natal check up with timely referral to tertiary care centre can help reduce the mortality among the women.
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