Determinants of comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS among women of the reproductive age (15-49) in Uganda


  • Diana Ankunda School of Statistics and Planning, Makerere University, Uganda
  • John Bosco Asiimwe School of Statistics and Planning, Makerere University, Uganda



Comprehensive, HIV, Knowledge, Uganda


Background: Globally, HIV is the leading cause of death among women of the reproductive age and unprotected sex is the main driver of HIV transmission. Lack of accurate and complete knowledge is one of the major causes of increase in the number of new HIV infections among women in Africa. This study was aimed at finding out factors associated with comprehensive knowledge among women in the reproductive age group of 15-49 years in Uganda.

Methods: Data used was drawn from 2011 Uganda Demographic Health Survey (UDHS). Logistic regression model was used for analysis.

Results: Only (38%) of the respondents had comprehensive knowledge of HIV. Women in lower wealth quintile had less comprehensive knowledge compared to those in the highest quintile (OR=1.28). The study also found out that the older women aged 45-49 were more knowledgeable to HIV (OR=1.46) than young ones. Women who had access to radio were associated with increased odds (OR=1.11) of high knowledge on HIV than those without. High knowledge to HIV was also associated with women who had ever tested for HIV (OR=1.20) and also increased with level of education (OR=1.63 for primary and OR=3.6 for secondary).

Conclusions: Factors associated with comprehensive knowledge on HIV include: age of the woman, residence, education level, access to information and HIV response to testing. Programs designed should target young women below 19 years of age, rural women, poor women and uneducated women. Increasing campaigns to encourage more women to have HIV tests and messages using radios will increase comprehensive knowledge. 

Author Biographies

Diana Ankunda, School of Statistics and Planning, Makerere University, Uganda

Diana Ankunda is currently a post graduate student at the School of Statistics and Planning pursuing a Masters of Science in population and reproductive health.

John Bosco Asiimwe, School of Statistics and Planning, Makerere University, Uganda

Asiimwe John Bosco is a PhD holder in Statistics and currently a Lecturer and Head of Department of Planning & Applied Statistics, Makerere University, Uganda.


World Health Organisation (WHO). Global HIV/AIDS Response. Epidemic update and health sector progress towards Universal Access Progress Report 2011. 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, 2011.

UNAIDS. UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic 2013. 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland, 2013.

Ministry of Health (MOH). Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey (UAIS). Kampala, Uganda, 2011.

Uganda AIDS Commission (UAC). National HIV Prevention Strategy 2011- 2015. Expanding and doing HIV prevention better. Kampala, Uganda, 2011.

Uganda AIDS Commission (UAC). Global AIDS Response Progress Report : Country Progress Report, Uganda, 2012.

Uganda AIDS Commission (UAC). HIV and AIDS Uganda country Progress report; 2013. Kampala- Uganda. 2014. Available at: http://www.aidsuganda .org/. Accessed on 4 July 2017.

Uganda Bureal of Statistics (UBOS) & ICF International Inc. Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Kampala,Uganda: UBOS and Calverton, Maryland: ICF International Inc, 2012.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) [Tanzania] and ORC Macro. Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey 2004-05. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: National Bureau of Statistics and ORC Macro, 2005.

Epsley EJ, Nhandi B, Wringe A, Urassa M, Todd J. Evaluation of knowledge levels amongst village AIDS committees after undergoing HIV educational sessions : results from a pilot study in rural Tanzania. BMC Int Health Human Rights. 2011;11(1):14.

Teshome R, Youjie W, Habte E, Mohamedkassm N. AIDS and Clinical Research Comparison and Association of Comprehensive HIV / AIDS Knowledge and Attitude towards people Living with HIV / AIDS among Women Aged 15-49 in Three East African Countries: Burundi, Ethiopia and Kenya. 2016;7(4):4–11.

Ochako R, Ulwodi D, Njagi P, Kimetu S, Onyango A. Trends and determinants of Comprehensive HIV and AIDS knowledge among urban young women in Kenya. AIDS Res Therapy. 2011;8(1):11.

Wang W, Soumya A, Shanxiao W. HIV-Related Knowledge and Behaviors among People Living with HIV in eight High HIV Prevalence countries In sub-saharan Africa (DHS Analytical Studies No. 29) (Vol. 29). Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF International. 2012.

Hong SY, Thompson D, Wanke C, Omosa G, Michael R. Knowledge of HIV Transmission and Associated Factors among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Patients in Rural Kenya. 2013;3(7):1–13.

Solat S, Velhal GD, Mahajan H, Rao A, Sharma B. Assessment of Awareness about HIV / AIDS and Operationalization of Interventions in Rural Population. 2012;2(11):1–14.

Huy NV, Lee HY, Nam YS, Tien NV, Huong TTG, Hoat LN. Secular trends in HIV knowledge and attitudes among Vietnamese women based on the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, 2000, 2006, and 2011 : what do we know and what should we do to protect them ? Glob Health Action. 2016;9:10.3402.

CiCCiò I, Sera D. Assessing the knowledge and behavior towards HIV/AIDS among youth in northern Uganda: a cross-sectional survey 2010;15:29–34.

Megabiaw B, Awoke T. Comprehensive knowledge, attitude and practice of street adults towards human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in Northwest Ethiopia. 2013;5(6):181–7.

Tuntufye SM. Education level and (HIV/AIDS knowledge in Kenya. 2014;6(2):28–32.

Ravi RP, Kulasekaran RA. A Cross-Sectional Study of Knowledge, Perceptions and Misconceptions about RTIs, STIs and HIV / AIDS among Young Married Rural Women in Tamilnadu State, India. 2014;31(1):84–90.

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Young South Africans, Broadcast Media, and HIV / AIDS Awareness : Results of a National Survey. 2007.




How to Cite

Ankunda, D., & Asiimwe, J. B. (2017). Determinants of comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS among women of the reproductive age (15-49) in Uganda. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(10), 3530–3535.



Original Research Articles