A cross sectional study to understand socio demographic profile of patients of sickle cell anemia in a Taluka of South Gujarat

Chintan Gamit, MohamedAnas M. Patni, Sukesha Gamit


Background: India has the largest concentration of tribal populations globally. A high prevalence of sickle cell anemia is seen in tribal communities of South Gujarat. The aims and objectives were to study socio- demographic profile of the patients having positive sickle cell status.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, where Bardoli taluka was selected purposively. All patients of sickle cell anemia registered at all PHCs of Bardoli Taluka during period between June 2010 and May 2011 & aged between 18 to 30 years were taken in study.

Results: This study included total 276 cases of which 264 (96%) had sickle cell trait, while 12 (4%) had sickle cell disease. Majority of patients were from Umrakh and Vanskui PHC. More than 90% of patients belonged to ST caste and more than 40% among them were from Rathod sub caste.

Conclusions: More than 90% of patients were laborers and majority of them belonged to low socio economic class. Mean age at diagnosis of sickle cell anemia ranged from 21 to 25 years. 


Sickle cell anemia, Cross sectional study, Socio-demographic profile

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