Epidemiology of diabetes among adults in Jabra area ''block 14’’ in Khartoum state – Sudan: community based study

Authors

  • Eltagi A. M. Abdalla Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public and Environmental Health, University of Khartoum http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1272-8125
  • Ragda F. Ahmed Department of Epidemiology, Federal Ministry of Health, Khartoum

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20172146

Keywords:

Diabetes mellitus, Khartoum state, BMI, Risk factors, Sudan

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a major public health problem, affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide. The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of and to identify the possible risk factors associated with diabetes among the study population.

Methods: A descriptive cross sectional community based study was carried out among 236 adults residing in Jabra area in Khartoum State in Sudan. Data were collected used pre tested structured questionnaire, and validated in a pilot study. The questionnaire included; socio-demographic data and possible risk factor such as (stress, physical exercise, history of pancreatic, history of renal problems and obesity). Anthropometric measurement included weight and height for BMI and laboratory data included random blood glucose (RBG) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG).

Results: The present study showed, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among adults in Jabra area was 18.6%. There was no significant sex difference in the prevalence rate. The results showed there was statistical association between diabetes positivity and marital status, age groups, educational level and family income p-values =(0.0002, 0.0004, 0.0005 and 0.0053) respectively. The multivariate analysis indicated family history of diabetes, obesity, physical activity, renal problems and pancreatic diseases were other risk factors associated with diabetes mellitus positivity OR =(2.19 (95% CI 1.10 - 4.34, p =0.027), 3.11 (95% CI 1.13 – 8.56, p =0.0278), 0.28 (95% CI 0.11 - 0.75, p =0.0113), 7.42 (95% CI 2.00- 27.57, p =0.0028) and 12.18 (95% CI 2.28 - 65.1, p =0.0035) respectively.

Conclusions: The study found a higher prevalence of diabetes among study population. Risk factors showed a significant relation with higher fasting blood glucose.

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Published

2017-05-22

How to Cite

Abdalla, E. A. M., & Ahmed, R. F. (2017). Epidemiology of diabetes among adults in Jabra area ’’block 14’’ in Khartoum state – Sudan: community based study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 4(6), 1863–1869. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20172146

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Original Research Articles