Role of family support in the mental health status of physicians

Authors

  • Afreen S. Danny Department of Community Medicine, Shahabuddin Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sharmeen T. Shovah Department of Pharmacology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Atiqul R. Khan Department of Orthopedics, Monno Medical College and Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh
  • Luna F. Hoque Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahabuddin Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Muhammad N. Alam Department of Neurology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Asaduzzaman Chowdhury Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241811

Keywords:

Mental health, Physician, Family support, Relationship, Well-being

Abstract

Background: The mental health and well-being of physicians are increasingly recognized as crucial factors not only for the individual physicians themselves but also for the quality of care they provide to patients. This study aimed to assess the role of family support in the mental health status of physicians.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Community Medicine in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2011 to June 2011. A total of 126 physicians were selected as study subjects as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. A convenience type of non-probability sampling technique was adopted in this study. GHQ- questionnaire was used for the measurement of mental stress. Different statistical methods were used in this study. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 17.0 for Windows was used to analyze the data.  

Results: Among 126 physicians 42 physicians (33.3%) had no evidence of mental stress, 42 physicians (33.3%) had mild mental stress, 29 physicians (23.0%) had moderate mental stress and only 13 physicians (10.3%) had severe mental stress. The study shows that among 32 physicians who didn't get help from family members majority i.e. 29 (90.7%) physicians had mental stress and only 3 (9.4%) physicians had no evidence of mental stress. But 94 physicians got help from family members among which 55 (58.5%) physicians had mental stress and 39 physicians or 41.5% physicians had no evidence of mental stress.

Conclusions: Family support plays a significant role in mitigating stress, while marital status, income, and work environment also impact well-being. Addressing these factors can foster a culture of physician well-being and improve patient care.

References

Yuguero O, Forné C, Esquerda M, Pifarré J, Abadías MJ, Viñas J. Empathy and burnout of emergency professionals of a health region: A cross-sectional study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2017;96(37):e8030.

Shanafelt TD, Boone S, Tan L, Dyrbye LN, Sotile W, Satele D, et al. Burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance among US physicians relative to the general US population. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(18):1377-85.

Johnson JV, Hall EM. Job strain, workplace social support, and cardiovascular disease: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. Am J Public Health. 1988;78(10):1336-42.

Wallace JE, Lemaire JB, Ghali WA. Physician wellness: A missing quality indicator. Lancet. 2009;374(9702):1714-21.

West CP, Dyrbye LN, Shanafelt TD. Physician burnout: Contributors, consequences, and solutions. J Intern Med. 2018;283(6):516-29.

Panagioti M, Geraghty K, Johnson J, Zhou A, Panagopoulou E, Chew-Graham C, et al. Association Between Physician Burnout and Patient Safety, Professionalism, and Patient Satisfaction: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2018;178(10):1317-31.

Dyrbye LN, Sotile W, Boone S, West CP, Tan L, Satele D, et al. A survey of U.S. physicians and their partners regarding the impact of work-home conflict. J Gen Intern Med. 2013;28(2):155-61.

Pagnin D, De Queiroz V, Oliveira Filho MA, Gonzalez NV, Salgado AE, Cordeiro e Oliveira B, et al. Burnout and career choice motivation in medical students. Med Teach. 2013;35(5):388-94.

Dyrbye LN, Shanafelt TD, Balch CM, Satele D, Sloan J, Freischlag J, et al. Relationship between work-home conflicts and burnout among American surgeons: A comparison by sex. Arch Surg. 2011;146(2):211-7.

Admi H, Moshe-Eilon Y. Living with constant uncertainty: A qualitative study of patients with incurable cancer in palliative care. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2015;49(2):252-9.

Embriaco N, Papazian L, Kentish-Barnes N, Pochard F, Azoulay E. Burnout syndrome among critical care healthcare workers. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2007;13(5):482-8.

Brooks E, Gendel MH, Early SR, Gundersen DC. When helping hurts: PTSD in healthcare providers. Postgrad Med J. 2019;95(1120):522-6.

Dewa CS, Loong D, Bonato S, Trojanowski L. The relationship between physician burnout and quality of healthcare in terms of safety and acceptability: a systematic review. BMJ Open. 2017;7(6):e015141.

Fahrenkopf AM, Sectish TC, Barger LK. Rates of medication errors among depressed and burnt out residents: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2008;336(7642):488-91.

Dzau VJ, Kirch DG, Nasca TJ. To care is human—collectively confronting the clinician-burnout crisis. N Engl J Med. 2018;378(4):312-4.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-28

How to Cite

Danny, A. S., Shovah, S. T., R. Khan, M. A., Hoque, L. F., Alam, M. N., & Chowdhury, A. (2024). Role of family support in the mental health status of physicians . International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(7), 2592–2597. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241811

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles