Treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients in the directly observed treatment short course centres of Dibrugarh, Assam

Authors

  • Julee Rajkhowa Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
  • Sultana J. Ahmed Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
  • Tulika G. Mahanta Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
  • Gourangie Gogoi Department of Community Medicine, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241834

Keywords:

Record review, Directly observed treatment short course, Treatment outcome

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis (TB), second leading cause of mortality in India. Despite of so many efforts of National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP), tuberculosis is still prevalent. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess socio-demographic, clinical profile and treatment outcomes of patients on fixed drug combination (FDC) daily regimen.

Methods: Retrospective record-based study was conducted in two DOTS centres of Dibrugarh selected using simple random sampling. A total of 85 medical record were selected and reviewed. Information from treatment card were extracted using a pre-designed online format. Data collected were entered and analysed in SPSS version 25 software and presented using descriptive statistics.

Results: Total of 85 patients records were reviewed. Gender ratio was 54.1%: 45.9% for male:female. Majority 31.8% belonged to most productive age group of 25-34 years of age. Treatment completion rate was 80%, cured rate was 18.8% while 1.2% was died.

Conclusions: Male gender were reported with higher incidence of Tuberculosis. The low percentage of cure rate suggested the need for strengthening of TB services in the DOTs centres.

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Published

2024-06-28

How to Cite

Rajkhowa, J., Ahmed, S. J., Mahanta, T. G., & Gogoi, G. (2024). Treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients in the directly observed treatment short course centres of Dibrugarh, Assam. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(7), 2751–2755. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241834

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Original Research Articles