Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of fluorosis among Indian dentists: a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study

Authors

  • Srushti Mandanka Department Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Jayasankar P. Pillai Department Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Tilomi Desai Department Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
  • Yash Modi Department Oral Pathology and Oral Microbiology, Govt. Dental College and Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241833

Keywords:

Fluoride exposure, Preventive measures, Treatment modalities, Diagnostic techniques, Dental fluorosis

Abstract

Background: Dental fluorosis is a significant public health problem in India as drinking water with high fluoride is widespread throughout the country. Although dentists are key players in the prevention and management of the condition, little is known about their knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) related to fluorosis.

Methods: A cross-sectional study on an Indian dentist population was conducted. A 13-question survey was completed by participants in January 2023 - April 2023 using simple random sampling. The questionnaire included some demographic data and information on the source of knowledge and risk factors of fluorosis, related diseases, proper diagnostic measures and treatment and the point of view concerning prophylaxis. Data analysis was done using SPSS Version 23.

Results: Nearly half were aware of drinking water as a key source of fluoride, however all had gaps in knowledge regarding additional sources and adequate level of fluoride. Most of dentists wanted bleaching and veneers; preferences varied while attitudes towards prevention were positive, the study found a gap in applying sections of the essential knowledge and identified that competence in fluorosis management should be improved with educational interventions.

Conclusions: Knowledge and practices regarding fluorosis are variable among Indian dentists, with significant gaps in understanding of this condition and its diagnosis. There is a need for educational programs, interdisciplinary work and public awareness in these areas to improve management of fluorosis and oral health. Integration of the subject of fluorosis in the undergraduate courses are recommended to fill the gaps of knowledge and competence in health professionals.

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Published

2024-06-28

How to Cite

Mandanka, S., Pillai, J. P., Desai, T., & Modi, Y. (2024). Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of fluorosis among Indian dentists: a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(7), 2743–2750. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241833

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Original Research Articles