Evaluation and comparison of the oral health status of children in government and private schools between 6 to 9 years of age in Sangli city


  • Saakshi Rane Department of Dentistry, GMC Baramati, Maharashtra, India
  • Anand Shigli Department of Pedodontics, D Y Patil Dental School, Lohegaon, Pune, Maharashtra, India




Oral health, Government schools, Private schools


Background: To evaluate and compare the Oral health status of children in Government and Private schools between 6 TO 9 years of age in Sangli City

Methods: Subjects were selected by Cluster Random Sampling and all students between 6 to 9 years of age from the selected schools were examined. Screening was done on the basis of WHO oral health assessment form for children (2013). Consent was taken from the parents or the concerned authorities prior to the examination of the children. The examination was carried out by one trained and calibrated investigator using a mouth mirror and CPI probe under natural daylight.

Results: A total of 1000 children (500 governments and 500 private) were examined in the study. The estimates of non-carious teeth, carious teeth, enamel fluorosis and dental trauma between private and government school children were compared. There was significant difference found in non- carious tooth estimate (p=0.003) and carious teeth estimate (p=0.005). The children in private school had more non carious teeth (mean: 16.45) when compared to government children (mean: 15.89). Similarly, the children in private school had less amount of carious teeth (mean: 3.31) when compared to government children (mean: 3.84). There was no significant difference found with respect to fluorosis (p=0.683) and dental trauma (0.319) in the children of government and private schools.

Conclusions: The prevalence of oral diseases was relatively less among children from private schools in comparison with those from government schools.



Burt BA. Trends in caries prevalence in North American children. Int Dent J. 1994;44:403‑13.

Bratthall D, Hänsel‑Petersson G, Sundberg H. Reasons for the caries decline: What do the experts believe? Eur J Oral Sci. 1996;104:416‑22.

Mahesh Kumar P, Joseph T, Varma RB, Jayanthi M. Oral health status of 5 years and 12 years school going children in Chennai city An epidemiological study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2005;23:17-22.

Bali RK, Mathur VB, Talwar PP, Chanana HB. National Oral Health Survey and Fluoride Mapping 2002. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2004;22:5-9.

Damle SG, Ghonmode WN. Study of prevalence of dental caries in urban area of Nagpur. J Indian Dent Assoc. 1993;64:389-92.

Levy SH. Textbook of Oral Pathology. 6th ed. USA: Elsevier; 2006.

Mock C. Guidelines for essential trauma care. Available at: https://www.who.int. Accessed on 20 November 2023.

Gaur A, Sujan SG, Katna V. The oral health status of institutionalized children that is, Juvenile home and orphanage home run by Gujarat state Government, in Vadodra city with normal school children. JISPPD. 2014;32(3):231-7.

Kwan SY, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: An opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83:677-85.

Report of the School Health Working Group and WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion. Available at: https://www.who.int. Accessed on 20 November 2023.

Chandrashekar BR, Suma S, Kiran K, Manjunath BC. The use of school teachers to promote oral hygiene in some secondary school students at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India: A short term prospective pilot study. J Family Community Med. 2012;19:184-9.

WHO oral health surveys basic methods. Available at: Available at: https://www.who.int. Accessed on 20 November 2023.

Fotedar S, Sogi GM, Sharma KR. Oral health status and treatment needs among 12 and 5 year old government and private school children in Shimla city, Himachal Pradesh, India. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2013;3(1):44-50.

Wierzbicka M, Petersen PE, Szatko F, Dybizbanska E, Kalo I. Changing oral health status and oral health behavior of schoolchildren in Poland. Community Dent Health. 2002;19:243-50.

Taani DQ. Caries prevalence and periodontal treatment needs in public and private school pupils in Jordan. Int Dent J. 1997;47:100-4.

Taani DQ. Relationship of socioeconomic background to oral hygiene, gingival status, and dental caries in children. Quintessence Int. 2002;33:195-8.

Lateefat S, Musa OI, Kamaldeen AS, Buhari AS, Saka AO. Determinants of oral hygiene status among junior secondary school students in Ilorin West local government area of Nigeria. IOSR J Pharm Biol Sci. 2012;1:44-8.

Batwala V, Mulogo EM, Arubaku W. Oral health status of school children in Mbarara, Uganda. Afr Health Sci. 2007;7:233-8.

Bamigboye O, Akande TM. Oral hygiene status of students in selected secondary schools in Osogbo, Nigeria. Niger Med Pract. 2010;12:13-8.

Rao SP, Bharambe MS. Dental caries and periodontal diseases among urban, rural and tribal school children. Indian Pediatr. 1993;30(6):759-64.

Chauhan D, Chauhan T, Sachdev V, Kirtaniya BC. A study of oral hygiene status and prevalence of gingival diseases in 9 and 12‑year‑old school children of a northern hilly state, India. Int J Health Allied Sci. 2012;1(4):258-62.

Pourat N, Nicholson G. Unaffordable dental care is linked to frequent school absences. UCLA Cen H Pol Rese. 2009.

Sukhabogi JR, Shekar CBR, Hameed RS. Oral Health Status among 12‑ and 15‑Year‑Old Children from Government and Private Schools in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2014;4(3):272-7.

Kumar S, Tadakamadla J, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Dental Caries and its Socio-Behavioral Predictors- An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2016;40(3):186-92.

Gupta R, Gaur KL, Sharma AK. Comparison of Associating factors of Dental Caries in urban and rural children in Jaipur, (Raj) India. IOSR-JDMS. 2013; 9(3):55-60.

Andreasen JO, Andreasen FM. Color atlas of traumatic injuries to the teeth. Copenhagen. 1993;3: 216-56.

Sarkar. S, Basu P.K. Incidence of anterior tooth fracture in children. J Indian Dent Assoc. 1981;53: 371.

Sushma G, Ramkrishna Y, Autar KM. Prevalence and etiology of traumatic injuries to the Anterior Teeth among 5 to 8 years Old School children in Mathura City, India: An Epidemiological Study. Int J of Clin Pead Dent. 2015;8(3):172-5.

Ravishankar TL, Kumar MA, Ramesh N, Chaitra TR. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuris to Permanent Incisors among 12-year-old School Children in Davangere, South India. Chineese J Dent Res. 2010; 13(1):57-60.

Prasad S, Tandon S, Pahuja M, Wadhawan A. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries among School Going Children in Farukhnagar, District Gurgaon. Int J Sci Study. 2014;2(2):44-9.

Kalaskar RR, Kalaskar AR, Wankhede RM, Mehta JD. Evaluation of prevalence, etiological and risk factors of traumatic dental injury in 12-14 years old school going children of Central India. SRM J Res Dent Sci. 2014;5(2):73-7.

Rocha MJ, Cardoso M. Traumatized permanent teeth in children assisted at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Mariane Cardoso Brazil. Dent Traumatol. 2001;17:245-9.

Patel MC, Sujan SG. The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries to permanent anterior teeth and its relation with predisposing risk factors among 8-13 years old school children of Vadodra city: An epidemiological study. Dent Traumatol. 2012; 30(2):151-7.

Singh N, Singh A, Jolly MS. Prevalence of Traumatic Dental Injuries in School Going Children of Luckhnow, India. Int J Oral Health Med Res. 2015; 3(2):39-42.




How to Cite

Rane, S., & Shigli, A. (2024). Evaluation and comparison of the oral health status of children in government and private schools between 6 to 9 years of age in Sangli city . International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(6), 2277–2284. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20241485



Original Research Articles