Assessing the effect of women’s empowerment on their dietary intake: a cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Priyanshu Rastogi Department of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Rohit Pandey Department of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Sunil Mehra Department of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  • Shantanu Sharma Department of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Nutrition, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi, Delhi, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20240894

Keywords:

Women, Empowerment, Dietary diversity, Social skills, Self-esteem

Abstract

Background: Women empowerment is an important strategy to reduce maternal and child undernutrition, which continues to be a major health burden in low- and middle-income countries. The present study aimed to assess the effect of women empowerment on their dietary intake in the two selected blocks of Sultanpuri urban slums, West Delhi.

Methods: The baseline was conducted using a cross-sectional research method with girls and women (15-35 years). The research was conducted through a predesigned, pretested, semi-structured questionnaire to capture the information on socio-demographic profiles along with knowledge on social skills, self-esteem, and decision-making. The data were collected on the consumption of food groups in the last 24 hours from 2402 girls and women. We employed unadjusted and adjusted step-wise regression models to assess the effect of domains of women empowerment on dietary intake.

Results: The median (interquartile range) age of the women was 27 (22-31) years. We found a 0.17-point increase in the dietary diversity score per one-unit increase in the self-esteem score of the women. Similarly, there was a 0.06-unit increase in the dietary diversity score per one-unit increase in the social skills score of the women. The association remained statistically significant even after adjustments for co-variates like age, education status, and socio-economic status.

Conclusions: The present study recommends that focusing on women's empowerment dimensions, particularly social skills, self-esteem, and decision-making power, can be an effective strategy for improving dietary intake among women.

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Published

2024-03-30

How to Cite

Rastogi, P., Pandey, R., Mehra, S., & Sharma, S. (2024). Assessing the effect of women’s empowerment on their dietary intake: a cross-sectional study. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(4), 1579–1584. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20240894

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Section

Original Research Articles