Preventive care for osteoporosis in family medicine: risk assessment, bone health, and fracture prevention

Authors

  • Marwah Yakoop Abdullah Department of Family Medicine, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Rakan Turki Alotaibi College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Khalid Abdulllah Althagafi College of Medicine, Ibn Sina National College, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Waleed Abdullah Alzahrani Department of Family Medicine, Northern Area Armed Forces Hospital (NAAFH), Hafar Al Batin, Saudi Arabia
  • Shatha Thani Alanizi College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
  • Yasser Yahya Alzahrani Primary Health Care, Ministry of the Interior Medical Services, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Ahmed Alshamrani Department of Emergency Medicine, King Fahad Military Medical complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan Ali Alnahwi Emergency Department, Al Omran General Hospital, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia
  • Ali Obaid Alrashidi Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health, Hafar Al Batin, Saudi Arabia
  • Naif Nasser Almutawa College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Khalid Mohammed Alkwai College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233862

Keywords:

Osteoporosis, Family medicine, Preventive care, Fracture prevention, Clinical management

Abstract

Osteoporosis is a health condition that involves bones and an elevated likelihood of fractures. In the realm of family medicine, the prevention of osteoporosis entails evaluating risks promoting bone health and minimizing the occurrence of fractures. This review explores aspects of care for osteoporosis in family medicine, focusing on early detection and intervention. Family physicians need to be observant of signs like fragility fractures, postural changes, and height loss that indicate osteoporosis. Many different elements, such as one’s age, gender, family medical background and the choices they make in their lifestyle can contribute to the likelihood of developing osteoporosis. These factors also help in devising measures to address the condition effectively. Managing osteoporosis requires an approach led by family physicians that includes lifestyle adjustments, medication interventions tailored to risks, and patient education. Emphasizing weight-bearing exercises, nutrition personalized medications are elements of preventive care. Patient education plays a role in ensuring adherence to prescribed treatments as well as adopting strategies to prevent falls. Tools like FRAX help family physicians assess risks and tailor interventions accordingly. Collaborating with therapists and dietitians further enhances the effectiveness of managing osteoporosis through care. Family doctors go beyond their duties. Take a role in community initiatives that aim to increase awareness offer education and carry out screenings to prevent osteoporosis. Family doctors, as healthcare providers, play a role in minimizing the effects of osteoporosis on bone health and overall well-being. This review provides a summary of measures for osteoporosis, in family medicine emphasizing the significance of early identification, personalized treatment and community involvement.

 

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

Abdullah, M. Y., Alotaibi, R. T., Althagafi, K. A., Alzahrani, W. A., Alanizi, S. T., Alzahrani, Y. Y., Alshamrani, M. A., Alnahwi, H. A., Alrashidi, A. O., Almutawa, N. N., & Alkwai, K. M. (2023). Preventive care for osteoporosis in family medicine: risk assessment, bone health, and fracture prevention. International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health, 11(1), 454–458. https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20233862

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Section

Review Articles