DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20173348

Study of knowledge and attitudes to first aid among school children of Doiwalablock, Dehradun

Jayanti Semwal, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Ruchi Juyal, Deepshikha ., Shaili Vyas, SD Kandpal

Abstract


Background: First-aid (FA) is the providing of initial care for an illness or injury, by a non-expert but trained person, till medical treatment can be accessed. Aim of the study is to impart knowledge in first aid among students to build a safe and healthier community. The objectives of the study were to assess the basic knowledge and understanding of it among the school children, to find out their attitude and to provide appropriate education regarding first aid.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in randomly selected public school of Doiwala, Dehradun among all the school children of classes 9th to 12th. A pretested oral questionnaire was used to assess their knowledge and attitude about first aid. Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) about the first aid for common medical emergencies were assessed. Following which, education and training regarding first aid was provided to them. The data were presented as frequencies and percentages. Chi squared test was used as tests of significance.

Results: Out of 441 students, majority (91%) had heard about the first aid of which the proportion of boys and girls were almost similar i.e. 92: 92.2. Only 17% of students complete knowledge of first aid and 33.3% of students had partial knowledge. On an average complete knowledge and partial knowledge was present only in 0.04 and 0.06 respectively.

Conclusions:Students have revealed that first aid study is in the curriculum of the course but it seems from the study that practically no stress is being given in imparting knowledge regarding first aid in these schools. To conclude all students had shown their keen interest and positive attitude towards getting knowledge about first aid. 

 


Keywords


First aid, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kendrick D, Mulvaney CA, Ye L, Stevens T, Mytton JA, Stewart-Brown S. Parenting interventions for the prevention of unintentional injuries in childhood. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;28:3.

Hecht BK. First aid: from witchdoctors and religious knights to modern doctors. Available at: http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=52749. Accessed on 25 April 2016.

AI Glendon, SP McKenna, SS Blaylock, K Hunt. Evaluating mass training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Br Med J. 1987;294(6581):1182–3.

Engeland A, Roysamb E, Smedslund G, Sogaard AJ. Effects of first-aid training in junior high schools. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2002,9:99–106.

Khan A, Shaikh S, Shuaib F, Sattar A, Samani SA, Shabbir Q, et al. Knowledge attitude and practices of undergraduate students regarding first aid measures. J Pak Med Assoc. 2010;60(1):68-72.

Mobarak AS, Afifi RM, Qulali A. First Aid Knowledge and Attitude of Secondary School Students in Saudi Arabia. Health. 2015;7:1366-78.

Goniewicz M, Chemperek E, Mikula A. Attitude of Students of High Schools in Lublin towards the problem of first aid. Wiadomosci Lekarskie. 2002;55:679-85.

Hsiao M, Tsai B, Uk P, Jo H, Gomez M, Gollogly JG, et al. “What Do Kids Know”: A Survey of 420 Grade 5 Students in Cambodia on Their Knowledge of Burn Prevention and First-Aid Treatment. Burns. 2007;33:347-51.

Priyangika KGG, Hettiarachchi M. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on First Aid Measures among Senior School Prefects in Galle Education Division, Sri Lanka. Proceedings of 8th International Research Conference, KDU, 2015.

Ozelikay G. A study on the level of knowledge about firstaid of the university students. JFac Pharm Ankara. 1996;25:43-8.

Li F, Jiang F, Jin X, Qiu Y, Shen X. Pediatric first aid knowledge and attitudes among staff in the preschools of Shanghai, China. BMC Pediatr. 2012;12:121.

Deepak M, Nayak S. A study on knowledge on assessment of knowledge on practices regarding first aid measures among self-help groups in Mangalore with a view to develop information module. Nitte University J Health Sci. 2012;2(3):68-71.

Strachan D, England J. First-aid treatment of epistaxis--confirmation of widespread ignorance. Postgrad Med J. 1998;74(868):113-4.

Thein MM, Lee BW, Bun PY. Knowledge attitudes and practices of childhood injuries and their prevention by primary care givers in Singapore. Singapore Med J. 2005;46(3):122.

Pandian JD, Santosh D, Kumar TS, Sarma PS, Radhakrishnan K. High school students knowledge, attitude, and practice with respect to epilepsy in Kerala, southern India. Epilepsy Behav. 2006;9:492–7.

Altintaş KH, Aslan D, Yildiz AN, Subaşi N, Elçin M, Odabaşi O, et al. The evaluation of first aid and basic life support training for the first year university students. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2005;205(2):157-69.

Abbas A, Bukhari SI, Ahmad F. Knowledge of first aid and basic life support amongst medical students: a comparison between trained and un-trained students. J Pak Med Assoc. 2011;61(6):613-6.